5 Effective Ways To Manage Arthritis During Winter

It’s the most wonderful time of the year! It’s winter! A season filled with holiday joy and decorations. But, just like how every rainbow has its share of rain, winter has its share of unpleasantness.

Cold temperatures, dry air, and chapped lips are all part of the package. Many people experience health problems as a result of being exposed to cold weather, and those who already have health problems suffer significantly more. Arthritis is one such condition that gets worse as the cold sets in. 

What is Arthritis? 

Arthritis is a condition where one or more joints swell and become tender. If you are suffering from this condition, you should know that it gets worse during winters.  Some common symptoms of arthritis include pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints. These symptoms tend to worsen and become harder to relive when the cold sets in. 

The muscle spasms increase during cold temperature which causes more pain and stiffness in the joints. The circulation is also reduced which adds to the pain. So how can you cope with arthritis during winter and prevent it from getting worse? Keep reading to find out.

Tips to reduce arthritis pain during winter 

  1. Layer Up 

It’s common sense to cover up during winter, but make sure you add extra layers to the joints that are causing you pain. Wear gloves, thigh-high socks, scarfs, and hats to make sure your body stays covered up and doesn’t lose any heat. 

  1. Exercise 

Exercise doesn’t necessarily mean high-intensity training. Even simple stretches and warm-ups can help relieve stiffness. It also helps improve blood flow and lubricates the joints. So don’t let the cozy covers trick you into staying in bed and try to get in as much physical activity as possible. 

  1. Stay Hydrated 

Drinking plenty of water even during the winter is important. The dry air in the winter necessitates more hydration and humidity inside the body. The easiest way to alleviate arthritis pain due to the cold is by drinking 8 glasses of water every day.

  1. Get Some Sun 

Vitamin D levels diminish due to a lack of sunlight during winter. Vitamin D deficiency can influence how sensitive you are to arthritic pain. It also increases the risk of osteoporosis. So go for a walk outside; if you are unable to do so, consult your doctor about supplements you can take to help with the pain.

  1. Drink Tea 

Or soup! Warm liquids of any kind will be advantageous. Try avoiding sugary drinks as much as possible and stick to drinks that have anti-inflammatory properties. This includes coffee, milk, red wine, green tea etc. 

Don’t let sore joints ruin your holiday season. You can effectively relieve stiffness and swelling in your joints by following these easy methods. Furthermore, if home remedies and advised therapies don’t work and the pain persists, don’t be hesitant to seek medical help. 

Consult the most experienced orthopaedic doctors in Bangalore and Chandigarh at Ayu Health Hospitals 一 India’s most trusted network of high-quality hospitals. Call us at 6366100800 or visit our website to book an appointment. 

Joint Health Restoration Post Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery is a major treatment for the knees that significantly improves mobility and eases knee pain. Proper recovery and rehabilitation help you to return to everyday activities much faster than you anticipate. 

But, knee replacement surgery holds certain limitations for a few weeks after the treatment. Those who undergo knee replacement surgery should be cautious while doing daily activities. Understanding knee precautions can reduce the chances of injury and fasten the healing process.  

Recovery in the hospital 

The recovery begins from the hospital ICU post-knee replacement surgery. You will be under observation for a few hours after surgery before you are shifted to a recovery room. After the surgery, you will be encouraged to walk on the next day of the procedure with the help of crutches or any support. 

Exercises after knee replacement surgery 

Exercises play a significant role in strengthening the muscles surrounding the knee joint. But, some movements should be done with the doctor’s suggestion as it might cause harm to the knee joint. A physiotherapist will teach you specific leg exercises while you are on the hospital bed. Leg exercises will prevent the formation of blood clots after the surgery. 

Some of the post-operative knee exercises to restore strength and mobility of the knee are: 

  • Straight leg raises 
  • Knee bends 
  • Ankle pumps 
  • Knee bending exercises 
  • Short arcs quads 
  • Quad squeezes 
  • Heel raises
  • Sitting knee extension 

Stay active for a better quality of life 

Within 2-3 days of the knee replacement surgery, the physiotherapist will encourage you to walk for short distances with the support of a walker, canes, or crutches. You will be able to do regular activities with minimal assistance. 

To enable faster recovery from surgery: 

  • Adhere to an active lifestyle 
  • Exercise regularly (physiotherapy to regain strength in the joints) 
  • Maintain a healthy weight avoid excessive stress in knee joints 
  • Take necessary medications and supplements 
  • Eat a healthy diet that promotes the fastest recovery 

Recovery at Home

During your recovery period at home, you are most likely to limit your movement and are usually restricted to one place. Make yourself comfortable in a place and keep all the necessary things at your reach.

Some of the things to keep handy while recovering are a water bottle, medicines, mobile phone, eyeglasses, tissues/napkins, and other needy things that you commonly need. 

During the initial days of recovery, it might be difficult to manage everyday activities all alone. Take the help of a family member, friend, or a known person when you have to drive a vehicle to reach a place. Do not stress your knee until you are completely recovered from the surgery. 

Do not hesitate to ask for help during in-house recovery. Take help from a family member or anyone around when you need assistance to change your bandage, cook meals, while going for a bath, getting dressed, and do any other tasks where you would need help from another person. 

Activities to avoid after knee replacement surgery

Prolonged sitting: Sitting for longer periods after a knee replacement surgery can develop blood clots. Sitting for a prolonged time can develop swelling in the lower leg. 

Activities that raise the risk of falling: Immediately after knee replacement, reduced range of motion and loss of strength in the knees can increase the risk of falling. 

To reduce the risk of falling, 

  • Sit down while wearing your socks, pants, etc 
  • Keep the floor clean and avoid slippery mats 
  • Use a hand railing while climbing and getting down the stairs 
  • Install lights at places where you walk during the nighttime
  • Do not place any objects on the floor to avoid the risk of falling 
  • Be cautious while resuming everyday activities 

Avoid pressure on the knees: Doctors encourage the use of crutches, walkers, or any supportive devices to avoid pressure on the weight-bearing knee joints. It is ideal to use assistive devices while moving around, especially during the initial days after the surgery. 

Avoid contact sports: It is suggestible to avoid high impact or contact sports while recovering post-knee replacement surgery. Some of the contact sports to avoid after the surgery are basketball, hockey, football, soccer, and skiing. 

Avoid kneeling: Most people experience difficulty kneeling down after knee replacement surgery. Although kneeling down is not harmful after a total knee replacement surgery, it is better to avoid it as it might be uncomfortable. 

The success story of Mr. Malikayat Singh, who underwent knee replacement surgery at Ayu Health Hospitals.

 Physiotherapists at Ayu Health hospitals teach you highly effective knee exercises that allow faster recovery from knee replacement surgery. 

Ayu Health Hospitals offers all-inclusive fixed-price packages for knee replacement surgery. To know more, call us on +91 – 6366 100 800.

Exercises to Bring Relief to Joint Pain

‘A feeling of being chained’, ‘Even lifting a finger is painful’, ‘I can’t move around even if I want to’- are the exact words expressed by patients suffering from joint pain. While wear and tear of bones and muscles due to old age is a major factor for developing joint pains, other viral fevers like chikungunya, infection in joints and sprains or injuries also lead to joint pain. 

While joint pains due to old age can be somewhat managed, it cannot be completely eliminated. But, how long does chikungunya joint pain last?

The joint pains which are after effects of Chikungunya however, are temporary. It can last for weeks after you recover from the virus but coupled with the weakness from the fever, it makes you feel helpless. Joint pains from injuries and infection can be managed well with medication, rest and exercise. 

Whatever the reason for joint pain may be, there are some things that you can do to make it bearable. In this article, we will explore some exercises as well as some activities that can help you manage the pain. 

1. Slow exercising

Many people suffering from Chikungunya ask- “How to treat Chikungunya joint pain?” The simple answer is that it cannot be treated magically within a day. The virus affects your joints and your body’s reaction to fighting the virus makes your joints ache for long after the fever is gone. 

The common mistake that we make when we have joint pain is to not move the joints at all. Now, what this does, is that it makes the joints extremely stiff. Thus, making it even more painful when you try to move them. 

So, the best thing you can do is – keep moving the joints frequently to prevent them from getting stiff. 

Usually, people experience more stiffness in the morning. This is because when we sleep, we don’t move much. This proves that not moving the joints makes them stiffer and more painful. 

So, what kind of exercises can be done when you have joint pain?

Stretching

Slowly stretching each joint and each muscle once or twice a day will be really helpful for your joints. 

Strengthening the muscles

Identify the joints where you have pain. Work each muscle connected to the joint and hold the position for 10 seconds. For example, if you have knee joint pain, you can do this:

Sit upright in a chair and extend one leg at a time. Hold the position for 10 seconds before bringing it down. Repeat the same for the other leg. 

The same kind of exercises can be done for your arms, shoulders or whichever joint you have pain in. 

When you hold the position, your muscles work and slowly gain strength. 

Twists

Twisting your body is a great way to stretch and strengthen the muscles at the same time. Be gentle with your body. Don’t twist with a jerk or twist too much. Ease into it and do only as much as your body can take.

2. Being physically active

Being physically active does not mean working out or hitting the gym. It means doing your chores and moving around. 

There will surely be activities that you enjoy doing. Make a list of them. Do them thrice a week. It will keep you feeling positive and also help your joint pain. Here are some of the things you can do:

  • Take care of your plants and do some gardening
  • Go for a swim
  • Walk your favourite path 
  • Cook yourself your favorite meal
  • Tidy up your house

3. Get a relaxing massage

Getting a massage is a great way to bring relief to aching joints. Some specific joint pain oils like eucalyptus and peppermint have pain relieving properties. They also smell wonderful and also relax the mind!

A massage soothes muscles and also strengthens them. After a good massage, taking a warm bath gives a lasting effect for the massage. 

Hope you will keep these three things in mind. They will work wonders to bring relief from your joint pains. 

Remember, obesity is also a contributor to joint pain. If this is something that you need to address, check out this video of Dr. Gursimran Singh talking about obesity and its associated problems.  https://youtu.be/VlJKqcN9NMw.

If you are looking to seek a doctor’s opinion for your joint pains, feel free to contact Ayu Health Hospitals having the best orthopaedic doctors in India. Contact at 6366100800 or visit http://www.ayu.health

7 Ways to Treat ACL Tear without Surgery

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear or ACL sounds like a rare disease, doesn’t it? You’ll be surprised to know that it’s actually a very common injury that can be treated easily with simple treatments. ACL tears often occur while playing sports or when you move suddenly. 

ACL tears are seen more often in women than men. But the pointers are the same. Hearing a popping sound from your knee, swelling, a feeling of instability in the knee, pain in the knee are the most common things you experience in an ACL tear. 

How can you find out that you have an ACL tear?

Doctors can assess your condition based on physical examination. To understand the correct status of the injury, an MRI might be required. 

Simple treatments for ACL Tear

While serious ACL tears do need surgery to correct, minor tears can easily be taken care of by 7 simple treatments which are:

  1. Rest

The more you rest the knee, the faster it will heal. When you try to work with an ACL tear, you don’t just put strain on the affected knee but also on the other leg as it is trying to balance the entire weight. You will need to avoid walking, climbing stairs and any other activities that put a strain on your knee till your symptoms ease. 

  1. Ice

Ice packs work wonders on swollen and painful areas. In the case of an ACL tear also, ice packs bring relief from pain and reduce the swelling in the knee. 

The best way to do this is to wrap the ice pack in a towel and apply it on the affected knee. This should be done 3-4 times in a day for about 15 minutes. 

  1. Compression

A compression sleeve is made from neoprene material. It is a stretchable type of material that slides over your knee. A knee compression is helpful in an ACL tear as it reduces pain, increases blood circulation, gives your knee some warmth and also limits movement of the knee that can cause further damage. 

More than anything else, a compression provides support and stability to the knee that you lose with an ACL tear. One caveat though. Remember not to wrap the compression too tight. This will adversely affect the knee by stalling blood circulation instead of helping the injury to heal. 

  1. Elevation

One of the best ways to reduce swelling and bring relief to your knee is to keep it elevated. Here are some tips to achieve the right elevation:

  • Lie down on the bed and keep pillows in such a way that your ankle and calf are resting on them
  • Your knee should be 12 inches above your heart for best results
  • You should not put pillows below your knee. This will restrict knee movement and make things worse
  • Your knee should be elevated by 45° from the bed. Only place that many pillows which help you achieve this elevation
  • The best way to go about this would be to ask a friend or a family member to arrange the pillows for you
  • In case you are not sure if you have elevated your knee correctly, you can buy knee-elevation pillows that provide you the exact elevation your knee needs

Elevating your knee in this way for 15 to 20 minutes twice or thrice in the day brings good relief to your knee. 

  1. Simple Exercises

While resting the knee is extremely important to have a quick recovery, not moving the knee is also dangerous. If your doctor recommends that you should exercise, make a note of them and practice them regularly.

Another way to go about this is to consult a physiotherapist. Doing simple exercises to work your knee into healing and strengthening at the same time. This will help in avoiding injuries in the future. Some exercises like bridging, heel raises, hamstring curls are particularly useful in ACL tears. 

Remember not to push yourself and start slow. Going too fast or too rough will do further damage to your knee. 

  1. Knee Brace

A knee brace is different from a compression. Knee braces provide complete support to the knee. They allow the knee to move only in certain directions and restrict all other movements so that your knee stays protected. When you are not wearing a knee brace, you put pressure on the tear. When you wear a knee brace, they put pressure on other parts of the knee so that there is no strain on your tear. 

  1. Medication

If you experience too much pain, your doctor will prescribe pain medication to bring it under control. Sometimes, due to the injury, you might have some fever. In this case, medicines are prescribed to take care of the pain, swelling and fever as well. 

Remember not to take any medication on your own. Consult your doctor rather than self-medicate. 

All these 7 treatments are helpful when practiced in combinations and bring some relief. However, if your tear is a major one, you might have to undergo surgery to correct the injury. 

If you experience symptoms of an ACL tear, you should visit the doctor immediately to understand the extent of knee damage. Ignoring the symptoms may lead to severe pain, further tearing or even osteoarthritis. To know more, visit https://ayu.health/bangalore/surgery/ACL-Tear-16.

This video captures all the information on ACL tear. Check it out at

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNf2AnCXbYM

Over a hundred successful ACL tear treatments have been done at Ayu Health Hospitals. Listen to one of our patients talking about her experience-

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C0QBubGftYY

Consult top orthopaedician at your nearest Ayu Health hospitals. To book appointment call at 6366100800 or visit http://www.ayu.health

Image source : People photo created by jcomp – www.freepik.com

How to choose an Orthopaedic surgeon?

The decision to undergo any orthopaedic surgery is a significant one and usually very well thought through by the patient and their family. Multiple aspects go into determining the choice of an orthopaedic surgeon, and this post is an attempt to show some of the most important considerations one should have.


What to look for while choosing an orthopaedic surgeon?

  • Start with referrals

Referrals are an excellent way to start with making the right selection of the orthopaedic surgeon. The first place to get referrals is from your general physician or practitioner so that you get to enlist all the orthopaedic surgeons. Online reviews, relatives, friends, and other healthcare providers can help you make the right choice.

  • Look for the credentials

Try to gain some insight into the expertise, experience, and credentials of the enlisted orthopaedic surgeons. This includes knowing about their education, certification, and their history with surgeries. Years of experience, research publications, universities they have graduated from are all strong indicators of expertise.

  • Treatment specialities and experience

Orthopaedics is a vast field and it’s important to make sure that you select a surgeon with expertise in the specific area of your problem. For example, not every orthopaedic surgeon is likely to be an expert in knee replacement.

  • Information on hospital

After you are done getting crisp information about the surgeon’s experience and skills, you should evaluate the hospital where they work. The evaluation includes the examination of the hospital’s infrastructure, technology, instrumentation, dedicated laboratories, well-equipped operation theatres, and environmental control features.

Accreditation by NABH, National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers, is a good sign in terms of evaluating all the parameters listed above.

  • Patient Testimonials

Hearing about the experience of other patients who have been operated upon by the doctor is one of the best ways to get confidence on the surgeon. Good surgeons often encourage patients to speak with their existing patients.

Some hospitals also organize camps / interactive sessions which involve both the surgeon and recovered patients.

  • Cost of treatment / insurance coverage

While it’s important to find a good surgeon and hospital, you also want to make sure you are covered financially. So, it’s critical to always check medical expenses or surgery costs to get the treatment. If you have a health insurance policy, you want to make sure about what is covered and to what extent. As much as possible, choose a network hospital to avail cashless hospitalization.


Choose Ayu Health

Ayu Health is India’s most trusted network of hospitals. Ayu Health hospitals offer all advanced orthopaedic treatment procedures and carry mandatory certifications from the government authorities. Our specialists have an average experience of over 15 years and have been trained at India’s premier institutions along with extensive global experience.

Our treatment centres have all the latest equipment to cure the orthopaedic-related problems and are accredited by NABH, India’s premier hospital accreditation body.

One of our innovations is fixed price policy that gives patients the comfort of a fixed price package agreed before hospitalization. 

If you are looking for a leading orthopaedic doctor who can treat and perform effective knee surgeries and assist with physiotherapy or suggest the best methods to get the procedure just right for you in India, you can call +91 – 6366 100 800 or visit us at https://www.ayu.health/speciality/Orthopaedics-4


Understanding Knee Pain – types and treatments

Knee pain afflicts millions of people on an everyday basis and wreaks havoc on the quality of lifestyle. As per the Arthritis Foundation in the USA, 1 in 3 people falling in the age group of 18-64 have arthritis that is becoming the leading problem of disability among people. 

Causes of knee pain can vary from person to person, and so does the treatment. This post covers various types of knee pain and outlines how surgical or non-surgical treatments (including physiotherapy) can help. It is, however, important to understand that one should let a doctor decide the best course of action, surgical or non-surgical for any serious injury.

Knee Pain comes in various types and can vary across individuals

Regular exercise helps you keep the body fit but depending on the physical activity for the recovery from knee pain is nothing less than vandalization. So, it is highly recommended to get yourself tested if you are uncomfortable with knee pain and treat yourself as soon as possible.

Causes of knee pain

Knee pain usually prevails in a specific area, or it can diffuse throughout the knee. The main causes of knee pain that we come across are:

  • Dislocation & fracture
  • Age-related problems
  • Underlying infection osteoarthritis
  • Degenerating bones 
  • External or internal injury

What type of knee pain do you have?

Patients experiencing knee pain must determine which type of pain you are suffering for better diagnosis and treatment. Here are types that patients suffer from:

  • Acute pain: This refers to a severe pain that usually stays for 1-7 days. In case of an injury, one should rest their knee for at least a week to heal the injured area.
  • Subacute pain: This pain remains for 2-6 weeks after the injury, and you need to initiate some gentle motion moment.
  • Chronic knee pain: This pain lasts longer; that is for more than 8-12 weeks. Such illnesses require immediate doctor consultation.

At any point of time, if there is a lot of pain or the intensity of pain does not go down, one should immediately consult with a doctor, irrespective of the type.

Location of the knee pain symptoms

  • Pain in the front of the knee: The front knee pain refers to a patellofemoral stress syndrome that indicates the issue in the positioning and tracking of the kneecap. People suffering from this pain may feel uncomfortable while kneeling, running, jumping, and ascending or descending stairs.
  • Pain on the outside of the knee: This type of pain is typically caused by either an injury or heavy exercising. Other reasons that can cause pain on the outside of the knee are iliotibial band stress, ligament stress, and the strain in the hamstring tendons. 
  • Pain inside the knee: Pain inside the knee indicates an injury to a medial collateral ligament or medial meniscus. The cause of the damage is usually a substantial athletic activity, which leads to twisting of the knee, or it could be due to wear and tear of the ligament.
  • Pain in the back of the knee: Pain in the back of the knee is quite rare in patients. The possible causes for this pain are Baker’s cyst or the hamstring strain. Baker’s cyst refers to abnormal swelling of the knee joint present on the back of the knee, which often causes severe swelling while the person bends.

How can physiotherapy help alleviate knee pain?

  • Eliminates or reduces pain: Many therapeutic and manual techniques help in relieving knee pain. Techniques like joint and soft tissue mobilization, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation help in restoring the joint functioning by eliminating pain. Such therapies are fruitful and can help in preventing knee pain to return.
  • Increases mobility: Regular physiotherapy sessions are imperative as they aid in strengthening the joints and muscles without the intake of any drugs. It also helps in increasing the flexibility of the joints and muscles.
  • Manages age-related issues: Most of the aged people require regular physiotherapy sessions to continue with daily routine activities. Some people who have undergone knee-replacement surgery physical therapy become essential to have a faster recovery. 
  • Improves fitness: Physiotherapy, directly and indirectly, helps the human body to recover from any pain and strengthens the immune system as well.

It must be noted that physiotherapy should be carried out under the instructions or supervision of a certified physiotherapist. In absence of it, any exercise can cause further damage to the knee.

Types of Surgeries

Most doctors, depending on the severity of strain on the affected area, will recommend one of the four options available that include physiotherapy, surgery, medications, and injections. 

Following the diagnostic process, many patients suffer from severe knee problems to whom doctors suggest various surgical treatments.

Enlisting some of the conventional surgical procedures that have successfully helped patients to restore the knee functionality:

Unilateral and Bilateral total knee replacement

The damage of one knee leads to the recommendation of unilateral knee replacement surgery. Specialists perform this surgery to replace all the damaged parts of the knee with artificial ones and enable the person with smooth knee functioning, including running, bending without causing any pain.

Similar to unilateral knee replacement, the surgery is accomplished to repair both the knees and relieve the patient from the unbearable strain. Artificial ones place all the damaged knee parts on both knees.

The patient needs to stay for 2-3 days in the hospital, and after 3-6 weeks, the daily routine resumes in both processes.

ACL tear surgery

Also known as arthroscopy or key-hole surgery, it is performed for repairing the torn ligament of the knee. The anterior cruciate ligament is an important ligament that aids human knee movement. Partial or complete damage of the ligament requires immediate surgery to continue normal functioning.

The arthroscopic surgery performed for repairing the ligament takes 2 hours, and you need to stay for one day in the hospital. It takes 2-3 weeks to resume the routine after this surgery.

PCL tear surgery

The patients undergo this surgery to treat the pain, wobbliness and swelling in the posterior ligament of the knee. The posterior cruciate ligament plays a major in the movement of the knee, and its partial or complete tear can create several problems. 

The treatment helps the patient in resuming normal knee activities like running, bending, walking without any discomfort.

Again to repair the ligament, the arthroscopic surgery that takes 2 hours to complete is performed, and the patient needs to stay for one day in the hospital. The recovery period is 2-3 weeks for any patient.

Medial meniscus surgery

The patients housing damaged cartilage that acts as a shock absorber in the knee undergo this surgery. The arthroscopic surgery aims to stitch the torn meniscus and relieve the patient from pain.

The surgery takes an hour to complete, and the patient needs to stay for a day in the hospital. The recovery period in most cases is 2-3 weeks. 

All the above treatments accompanied by physiotherapy help the patient in faster recovery and resuming the routine practices. 

Physiotherapy increases the flexibility of knee muscles and joints after the surgery and also helps to maintain strength and normal functioning.

So, all the patients suffering from severe knee pain must consult the doctors and get themselves treated.

Choose Ayu Health

Ayu Health is India’s most trusted network of hospitals. Ayu Health hospitals offer all advanced Knee Pain treatment procedures and carry mandatory certifications from the government authorities. Our treatment centers have all the latest equipment to cure knee-related problems and are accredited by NABH, India’s premier hospital accreditation body.

If you are looking for a leading orthopaedic doctor who can treat and perform effective knee surgeries and assist with physiotherapy or suggest the best methods to get the procedure just right for you in India, you can call +91 – 6366 100 800 or visit us at https://www.ayu.health/speciality/Orthopaedics-4

Your Go-To Guide for Choosing the Right Knee Replacement Implant

Choosing the right knee implant can be quite confusing

Choosing the right knee replacement implant is like choosing an insurance policy. There are an overwhelmingly large number of options to choose from each at a different price point, with different features and benefits. It becomes even more confusing when you approach insurance agents as each of them highly recommend a certain type of insurance and you know they are selling it because they make good money on it! However, the fact is that somewhere out there, there is an insurance policy which is just right for you in terms of your needs and affordability. 

Similarly, in the vast ocean of knee implant options available, there is one which is the most suitable for you, which will help you lead a happier, healthier lifestyle. This article will take you help you find that one life altering implant.

Before understanding the types of implants available, you should know…

What exactly gets replaced during a total knee replacement surgery?

In a total knee replacement, there are 3 components of your knee which are replaced with implants.

The femoral component: This is the part that attaches to the thigh bone. It is curved in shape and is the biggest component in terms of size.

The spacer: Between the femoral and tibial component, a spacer is fit in. The spacer provides flexibility to the knee joint and helps in bending and flexing the knee.

The tibial component: This is a flat component which replaces the top part of the shin bone. It has a groove which allows the kneecap to move up and down when the knee joint is bent and straightened.

The patellar component: Required only on a case to case basis, it is a dome shaped component which replaces the kneecap.

Now, all these implant components are categorized based on the material used, the kind of flexibility they offer, the material used to hold the implants together and based on brands.

Seems overwhelming, right? Let’s take a look at them one at a time.

Implants based on material

The most commonly used implants are made of metal alloys, ceramic or plastic. 

Metal alloy Implants: These implants are made of metals like Cobalt-Chromium or Titanium. They are biocompatible and durable. However, these are best avoided if you have metal skin allergies. Conveying to your doctor about the allergies is extremely important. Some experienced surgeons also use ‘gold knee implants’. This implant can be safely used for people who have metal allergies. 

Ceramic Implants: These implants provide a natural feel to the knee joint after replacement. The wear and tear of a ceramic joint is minimal as compared to a metal one. However, there is a risk of breaking of the ceramic if the knee suffers a forceful impact. If this happens, immediate surgery will be required to remove the broken ceramic pieces.

Plastic or Polyethylene Implants: Using plastic implants might be the cheapest option available in the market today. They work best when used along with a metal component. However, these can trigger an immune reaction causing failure of the surgery. 

Implants based on design

Fixed bearing Implants: Most of the knee replacements are fixed bearing ones. They don’t provide much flexibility. They are most suitable for elderly patients who do not have too active a lifestyle. Too much movement can result in wear out as the implants are not that flexible.

Mobile bearing Implants: This kind of a design allows for limited rotation of the knee joint. It has a groove which fixes to the tibial component which helps it twist. This kind of design is best for youngsters and elders who have a physically active lifestyle. 

Implants based on affixing material

There are two kinds of techniques involved in fixing the implants to the knee. They are:

Cemented joint: In this case, the implants are fixed to the knee bone using fast drying cement. There is a possibility of breakdown of the cement which can lead to failure of the surgery.

Non-cemented joint: In a surgery involving non-cemented joint, a provision is left for the natural bone to grow. The bone attaches itself to the implant. It’s best used for youngsters whose bones are of good quality and grow faster.

Implants based on brands

There are hundreds of brands of implants available in the market today. Each brand has its own advantages and disadvantages. 

Now that you are aware of the different options available for deciding on the implant, let me tell you what you actually need to consider!

The newer the implant the better it is?

No, not really. Rather than deciding on the implant based on how new it is, you should look for data on how successfully the implant has worked. How many years it has been since it’s being used and what’s the success rate. Tried and tested is always better in life changing matters like these, right?

Should I go for customizable, gender specific implants?

Well, again. These might work really well for some people and might not work at all for some. Consider all options but the make a decision based on what your doctor suggests.

The only choice you need to make- The right doctor!

Yes, this is the most important choice you should make. If you have the best doctor at your side, he will inform you about the implants most suitable for you. Also, every implant has specific features which need to be considered during placement. So, ask your doctor to suggest the right implant for you and with which he’s had the most experience. 

At Ayu Health, you can be assured that the doctors suggest only the implants which will be best for you in terms of features, flexibility, cost as well as success rate. Our doctors have performed hundreds of knee replacements so far. Choosing Ayu Health means choosing the right doctor and in turn, the right knee implant!

Ayu Health offers all-inclusive fixed price packages for Total / Partial Knee Replacement surgeries. To know more, visit https://ayu.health/surgery/Bilateral-Total-Knee-Replacement-14, or call us on +91 – 6366 100 800.

Demystifying Knee Replacement Surgery – 7 truths you should know , now!

Susheela Devi, 52 has been suffering from severe knee arthritis for the past 4 years. Today, it’s become so restrictive that her favourite pastime of making delicious food for her family is now just a distant dream.  She has an important decision to make- one about undergoing a knee replacement surgery. However, what she hears from her friends and relatives makes her fearful.

Information overload is certainly something that she’s experiencing. From Youtube videos and informative TV programs to relatives, doctors, everyone has a piece of information to share. “How do I know whom to trust? How do I know what is right and what’s just plain misleading information? Especially, when I’m about to make a life changing decision!” asks Susheela.

So, here are a bunch of myths and misconceptions that everyone contemplating a knee replacement surgery like Susheela goes through. 

7 Myths about Knee Replacement Surgery

Myth #1: Total knee replacement surgery is the only solution

Well, not really. Depending on the condition of your muscles and bones, physiotherapy and change in lifestyle can very well take care of your knee pain. If the kneecap is eroded, you can opt for a partial knee replacement rather than going for a total knee replacement surgery.

Myth #2: It’s best to delay the surgery for as long as possible

There was a time when implants lasted only for 5-10 years. This information is true for those times, way back. Now, the advanced implants available last for 15-20 years. Even youngsters with severe knee pain can undergo total knee replacement now. In addition to that, the healthier you are, the faster your recovery from surgery. So, now is the best time!

Myth #3: The procedure is too risky and complicated

A relative of Susheela’s, very graphically described to her that a knee replacement is just like a kidney or liver transplant. The whole organ is replaced. This does sound risky. However, it’s not true. Only the parts of the knee which are eroded are removed and replaced with implants. 

With advanced technology, the success rate of knee replacements is 95%. So, there! It’s not that risky after all. 

Myth #4: There will be excruciating pain after surgery

Every surgery is more or less painful, true. However, these days doctors use several approaches to manage pain. This has considerably brought down the pain levels that patients experience. Even the duration of pain is now limited to a few days.

You won’t even notice the scar after the surgery!

Myth #5: It will take me a year to recover from the surgery

This is a totally baseless myth. Patients are made to walk within a couple of days after surgery to ensure that the joint doesn’t get stiffened. The average recovery time for resuming all activities is about 6 weeks. There are patients who have resumed most of their work within 3 weeks of surgery as well!

Myth #6: I can only stand and sit without pain, other activities are not allowed

Walking, climbing stairs, cycling, swimming, all of this is allowed. In fact, patients are encouraged to take up all of these to make the joint more flexible after surgery. Only, contact games such as football, basketball should be avoided due to a higher chance of injuring the joint. 

Myth #7: The costlier the implant and surgery, the better it is for me

No, this is not true. Based on the condition of your knee and muscles, the most suitable implants are chosen by your doctor. These might just be the most economical ones available in the market! 

As for the surgery, the Indian government set up capping prices on knee replacement surgeries in 2017. Now, the surgeries cost 69% lesser than they used to. 

Still not convinced, hear it directly from patients who took this decision and are now enjoying a happy active lifestyle again!

With the transparent pricing offered by Ayu Health, you can be assured that you know the exact price of the surgery and implants much before you actually undergo the procedure. In addition to this, the Ayu Mitra will take care of all your insurance procedures to ensure your surgery costs are taken care of.

Susheela is gearing up for her surgery and making a list of recipes she’s going to cook soon after. She’s in her happy place. So, when are you taking a leap of faith?

Ayu Health offers all-inclusive fixed-price packages for Total / Partial Knee Replacement surgeries. To know more, visit https://ayu.health/surgery/Bilateral-Total-Knee-Replacement-14, or call us on +91 – 6366 100 800.