Omicron XE: Symptoms and Severity of the New Variant of Omicron

Where does the new Omicron variant come from? What are its symptoms and how severe can it get? The new omicron XE variant has triggered fears of a new wave and questions such as these are bound to flood your mind. 

We have compiled facts from reliable scientific sources to avoid misinformation and help you navigate through another global outbreak. 

Outbreak of Omicron XE

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Omicron XE variant was reported for the first time on January 19, 2022, in the United Kingdom, with more than 600 positive cases. 

In India, the first reported case of the Omicron XE variant was in Mumbai on April 6, 2022. As of April 13, 2022, India has reported two cases of the Omicron XE variant.

The variant was first detected in a 50-year-old woman who had arrived from South Africa in February and in a 67-year-old man who returned to India from London in March.

What is the Omicron XE variant? 

The Omicron XE variant is a recombinant virus. A recombinant virus is created when two different viruses’ genetic markups are combined to create a new virus. The XE variant is a recombinant of the original Omicron strain. It formed as a result of the genetic recombination of two SARS-CoV-2 strains: BA.1 (the original Omicron strain) and BA.2 (the more infectious related strain).

Related: What are some of the symptoms of the omicron COVID-19 variant?

Symptoms of the new Omicron XE variant

One of the most distinguishing features of this variant is that the infected experience a loss of smell and taste, which was uncommon among Omicron patients. 

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Cough and cold
  • Skin irritation and discolouration
  • Gastrointestinal problems 

Other symptoms are similar to those seen in other COVID variants. These include 一 

Patients who face severe infections may also experience cardiac problems, palpitations, and nerve problems. The preliminary signs of Omicron XE infection are fatigue, dizziness, and headaches followed by sore throat, muscle discomfort, and fever. If you are exhibiting these symptoms and suspect an infection, isolate yourself immediately and get tested. 

Can the new XE variant cause a new wave?

Since the first reported case of the new variant in Mumbai, the rate of positive Omicron XE variant cases in India has been minimal. Hence the likelihood of a new wave is also questionable. 

Research suggests that this strain may be 10% more transmissible than other Omicron variations, but hasn’t displayed any severe characteristics yet. As of now, disease severity and the extent of transmission remain uncertain. 

Multiple variants were discovered during the pandemic’s lifespan, the majority of which died out rapidly. Although the variant XE has been detected across the United Kingdom since January 2022, the severity of the reported cases is an encouraging fact. This suggests that the risk may be minimal and that those who were previously infected by Omicron still have enough circulating antibodies to protect them against the new variant.

Omicron XE Prevention

The best way to protect yourself from this variant, or any other variant, is to get vaccinated

So far, there’s no evidence that Omicron XE is any better at evading immunity from previous infections or vaccinations. Furthermore, in children under the age of five, the Omicron XE form was found to be less severe than the Delta variant. Unless it is found spreading quicker, affecting a different demographic, or causing severe disease, it has no public health significance. Do not put off getting booster shots if you are eligible. This variant is still relatively new, and very few studies have been conducted to predict how it would affect an individual. While there is hope that it will be as mild as Omicron or even milder, we must take adequate measures against this global menace.

In conclusion, continue to wear your masks, practice social distancing and wash your hands frequently, even if you’ve been vaccinated. It’s important to slow down the spread of the disease as much as possible if we want to stop new variants from emerging. 

If you have further queries regarding symptoms that you are currently exhibiting or would like to consult a healthcare specialist for any health concerns, reach out to Ayu Health Hospitals. Doctors at Ayu Health Hospitals have access to telemedicine so that patients can avail consultations via video calls. We also deliver medications and collect samples for lab tests from the comfort of your own home. To book an appointment, visit Ayu Health or call us at 6366100800.

COVID-19 & The Omicron Variant: All You Need To Know

Several unexplained cases of pneumonia with fever, cough, fatigue, and/or respiratory distress developed in Wuhan, China, within a short period of time in late 2019 and early 2020. Skip to 2022 and the world has still not recovered from the pandemic caused by COVID-19 and its emerging variants.

We’ve all heard of coronavirus by now. One could vaguely describe it as a contagious infection that could cause severe or mild symptoms. But what is not known is that the coronavirus is not a recently discovered virus. 

What is a Coronavirus? 

Coronaviruses have existed for a long time and can infect both animals and people. They are a large virus family that targets the respiratory organ. The name is derived from the Latin word corona, meaning crown, due to the spiky fringe surrounding these viruses.

Some of them can infect people, resulting in less severe diseases like the common cold (example: Human coronavirus 229E, human coronavirus nl63, and human coronavirus OC43) or more dangerous infections like the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

The novel coronavirus that emerged in 2019, was named COVID-19, abbreviated for “CoronaVirus Disease-2019”. Its official name is “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2” abbreviated to SARS-CoV-2. As the virus spreads, we can expect new variants to occur. Some of these variants can appear and disappear, while others persist.  

What is a variant? 

The virus mutates as it spreads. Covid-19 has mutated to form new variants of the original virus. In different parts of the world, different variations have emerged. More infectious varieties, such as Beta, Delta, and Omicron, may have a higher ability to re-infect patients who have recovered from previous coronavirus infections.

Based on the type of mutation and its impact on human society, the variants are categorised into four.

They are 一 

  1. Variants being monitored (VBM)
  2. Variants of interest (VOI)
  3. Variants of concern (VOC)
  4. Variants of high consequence (VOHC)

Variants of Concern 

Currently, the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention has classified the new Omicron and the Delta variant to be variants of concern due to evidence of –

  • Increased transmissibility 
  • Reduction in the effectiveness of antibodies generated during previous infection or vaccination 
  • Reduced efficacy vaccines or treatments
  • Diagnostic detection failures. 

What is a Delta Variant?

The Delta variant (B.1.617.2) is one of the many mutated variants of SARS-CoV-2 and is considered a variant of concern. Before the Omicron variant emerged, this was considered to be the most contagious form of COVID-19. 

What is an Omicron Variant? 

The Omicron variant (B.1.1.529) was recognised as a variant of concern due to its mutations and its impact on society. The Omicron variant was, and still is, spreading faster than previous strains of the virus. It contains more mutations than any other variant so far. Since this variant is different from the other variants, the Omicron test kit also uses a different method of detection

Since the information online can be overwhelming and confusing we’ve selected a few frequently asked questions about Omicron and the variants to help you find your answers easily. Listed below are some of the many 一 

Frequently Asked Questions 

  1. Why do variants occur?

When a virus spreads extensively and causes a large number of infections, the chances of it evolving increase. The more chances a virus has to spread, the more chances it has to mutate and form variants. 

  1. What is the severity of the Omicron variant?

Early data reveals that the Omicron variant had a lower risk of hospitalisation than the Delta variation. However, the World Health Organisation warns that it should not be dismissed as “mild” since increased transmission would result in more people being hospitalised. This puts a strain on frontline workers and hospital systems, potentially leading to more deaths.

  1. Can people get covid twice?

There are chances of getting re-infected with COVID-19. It can even happen to people who were previously ill and were also vaccinated. The only way to avoid it is to follow COVID’s required safety standards.

  1. What are the symptoms of Omicron?

The Omicron symptom stages usually begin with body aches, generalised fatigue, headache, and fever in the early days, and then one might develop a dry cough, as well as a cold with a runny nose, sneezing, and other symptoms. The cough is usually dry and goes away within a few days. Fever usually resolves within the first three days in 80% of the patients, and if it doesn’t, it’s an indication of a mild to severe infection that needs to be closely monitored.

  1. How many covid variants can there be?

Omicron will not be the last variant the world sees. Every infection gives the virus an opportunity to mutate. Omicron has an advantage over its predecessor as it spreads far quicker than the other variants. The only way to ensure that the number of variants is reduced is by controlling the spread.

  1. What are the covid variants in India? 

In the past two years, India has seen several variants of concern. They are – Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Omicron. But there is no guarantee that these will be the last variants of concern the country will see; the newer variants can either cause severe or mild symptoms.

The way SARS-CoV-2 evolves over the coming months and years will determine how this worldwide catastrophe ends — whether the virus evolves into another common cold or into something more dangerous like influenza or worse. Although we cannot stop the virus from mutating, we can slow down the spread and in turn, slow down the emergence of newer variants. So, practice safety protocols, maintain distance, wear masks and sanitise to help end this pandemic. 
If we missed any questions you’d like to know the answers to, leave a comment down below and we’ll give you the information you need! If you need to talk to a professional about your health condition, book an appointment with the best doctors at Ayu Health Hospitals.

Persistent Cough after COVID-19

COVID-19 infection has taken a toll on almost everyone’s health who has been affected by the virus. Starting with a mild cough to difficulty breathing, coronavirus disease has resulted in a wide range of symptoms in different individuals. 60-70% of the patients with COVID-19 presented dry cough as one of the most common initial symptoms. A recent study mentions that cough is a significant symptom in the acute phase of COVID, which persists as a long-term effect in the post-infection phase along with other symptoms like cognitive impairment, chronic fatigue, and muscle  These long-term effects are collectively termed as long COVID or post-COVID syndrome. Cough increases the chances of community transmission through the respiratory droplets of an infected person. 

A post-COVID cough might result from SARS-CoV-2 invading the vagal sensory neurons or neuroinflammatory response, or the chances are that it might be due to both the underlying reasons. This invasion of SARS-CoV-2 leads to peripheral and central hypersensitivity of cough pathways. However, there is a need for a further hypothesis to justify the neuroinflammatory response that affects various parts of the brain, thereby resulting in cough, chronic fatigue and muscle pain. 

Causes of COVID-19 associated cough 

There isn’t much known about cough as a post-COVID syndrome. But, from the little available evidence, it is understood that respiratory comorbidities, severe acute COVID-19 infection and being a female can increase the chances of the post-COVID syndrome. Unlike cough that is seen after a common cold or flu infection, chronic cough associated with the post-COVID syndrome is accompanied by other manifestations or shared mechanisms of the underlying COVID symptoms. The existing clinical tools make it easier to characterize cough in terms of severity, frequency, and hypersensitivity. This helps to understand the relationship and implications of COVID-19 cough with other co-existing symptoms. 

Mechanism of cough in COVID-19 infection 

A cough is a reflex action that happens by activating vagus nerves (peripheral sensory nerve) that provides an input to the brainstem. In the case of chronic cough, these cough pathways that transmit signals to the brainstem get sensitized. In the case of COVID-19, there are chances that SARS-CoV2 infects the sensory nerves that mediated cough, thereby causing neuroinflammation and neuroimmune interactions. It is suspected that SARS-CoV2 might interfere directly with the sensory neurons as we already know that patients with COVID-19 infection have presented with olfactory and taste impairment. Having said that, although there is less much known about it, SARS-CoV2 does cause sensory dysfunction. 

How to manage COVID-19 associated cough? 

It is quite common that most of the people who present cough resulting from viral infections rely on over-the-counter medications to control the cough. However, the effect of such medicines in treating post-COVID cough remains unclear. Patients with a post-COVID cough should get targeted intervention to manage the cough. Although several treatments are available to address COVID-19 associated cough, the benefits in relieving cough associated with acute viral infection remain unclear. 

So far, opioid-derived antitussives are recommended by medical professionals. These opiates are known to show their effect on the cough reflex network in the brainstem, thereby helping suppress the cough, especially in the early stages. Anatomical diagnosis is essential to identify the reasons that are contributing to COVID-19 associated cough. Some of the underlying causes of cough resulting from post-COVID infection could be gastro-intestinal reflux disease, lung fibrosis, ACE inhibitor therapy, or airways inflammation. 

In conclusion, there isn’t a piece of complete information to understand the prevalence, frequency, and persistence of COVID-19 associated cough. There is a requirement for more trials to understand the mechanisms of how SARS-CoV-2 invades and activates the vagal sensory neurons that are affected by the process of neuroinflammation and neuro-immunity. Visit our website to book an appointment or call us at +91 6366100800 for a consultation.

You Tested Positive for Covid-19: Now What?

Since the outbreak in December of 2019, the media has been relentless in informing the public about all of the precautions for coronavirus to avoid contracting the infection. But what should you do if you contract the virus? Should you make an appointment with your doctor? Are there any specific medicines for coronavirus? Is coronavirus treatable at home? 

Keep reading to find the answers to all the questions you might have when you test positive for COVID-19 一 from medical care to recovery.

The RT-PCR test (Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction) and an antigen test are the most reliable ways to determine if you have COVID-19. If you haven’t had a test but suspect you have COVID-19, here are some symptoms to look out for so you can be sure.

How Coronavirus Manifests 

The most commonly reported coronavirus symptoms are as follows 

  • Dry cough, cold, sore throat
  • Fever or chills
  • Fatigue 
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Loss of appetite/taste/smell

If you have any of the symptoms listed above, you should get tested for COVID to be sure. By confirming the presence of the virus, you can follow a proper treatment plan and take the required precautions to prevent the virus from spreading.

What happens after you test positive? 

If you get a coronavirus diagnosis, it means you are actively infected with the virus that causes it. Hence, you must take the necessary precautions to protect yourself and avoid spreading the virus to others. You can do so by self-isolating and keeping an eye on your symptoms.

If you have tested positive, it is recommended that you seek medical advice from your healthcare provider. Make sure to mention all of the symptoms you’re experiencing, as well as any previous illnesses you’ve been diagnosed with. If your symptoms are mild, your doctor may advise you to treat yourself at home. If that’s not the case, hospitalisation may be suggested.

Treating Coronavirus at Home 

Many COVID-19 patients have minor symptoms that can be managed with supportive care. This can be practised at home and is focused on reducing symptoms. It includes a variety of things like 一 

  • Maintaining a healthy diet
  • Getting enough rest 
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Managing fatigue through exercise 
  • Practising home remedies to manage cough 
  • Maintaining emotional well being 
  • Monitoring symptoms regularly 

Home treatment also includes care instructions that help you contain the spread of the virus. You must be aware that the disease is contagious and that everyone reacts differently to it, so if you have the infection, practice self-care while also being mindful of others around you.

Medical Treatment 

If you feel like your symptoms are only getting worse, seek medical care immediately. If you start noticing things like 一 

  • Oxygen saturation less than 95%
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • Bluish lips and/or face 
  • Consistent fever for more than 3 days 
  • Mental confusion 

Make an appointment with your doctor right away. Based on your condition and medical history, your physician will devise a treatment plan that is specific to you. Even if you’ve heard that medications like remdesivir or steroids will help, consult your doctor first. Because these treatments are only effective if they are given at the right time based on your current state.

The battle against the infection doesn’t end here. Due to the virus’ effect on the lungs and other organs, the body needs time to recuperate and return to its previous state.

Recovering from COVID-19 

If you’re recovering from COVID-19 or have been discharged from the hospital, you’ll have to fight little battles every day until you’re back to normal. You may encounter various symptoms like lack of concentration, headaches, difficulty breathing, etc., persisting even after you test negative. 

As time passes, some of the symptoms will resolve on their own, but some symptoms will require patience and effort on your part.

But remember, you are not alone in the fight against COVID-19. If you are having trouble getting back on your feet, an occupational therapist can assist you in adjusting to your new energy levels and limitations.
As important as social distancing is, it is also important to reach out to get help in times of need. Ayu Health Hospitals can help. All doctors at Ayu Health Hospitals have access to telemedicine, allowing patients to consult doctors over video calls. We also offer medicine delivery and sample collection for lab tests from the comfort of your own home. To book a consultation with a doctor, please visit Ayu Health or call us at 6366100800.

A focus on Long Covid – To reduce its devastating effects on health 

COVID-19, or Coronavirus disease, is an illness that shook the entire humankind. The turmoil created by this virus is massive and impacted millions of lives across the globe. COVID-19 is a pulmonary disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The effect of the virus is enormous, especially in the healthcare sector, where saving lives remains the most significant challenge and need of the hour. Basic safety measures like wearing a proper surgical mask, maintaining social distancing, and time-to-time hand sanitization are the key to avoiding the risk of infection. 

Despite following specific precautionary measures, the spread of infection seems uncontrollable. The symptoms of COVID-19 usually ease within a few weeks of getting affected by the virus. However, it is seen that a few patients who recovered from COVID-19 are experiencing its effects even after months of recovery. In this article, let us understand about ‘long Covid’ and its impact on the human body. 

What is Long Covid? 

Long Covid is a term that is used to describe the long-term symptoms of COVID-19 in patients who have been affected with Coronavirus. Most of the investigations say that the viruses predominantly affect the lungs apart from the most common symptoms like cough, cold, fever, and body aches. Although these symptoms ease with prescribed medications, the impact of the virus on the human body doesn’t go away quickly. 

COVID-19 in Children 

Although the impact of COVID-19 in children is comparatively lesser than in adults, it impacts both mental and physical health in the paediatric population. As per the research, children have fewer symptoms of the virus, unlike in the elderly population. But one should be watchful before the symptoms become severe in children. 

Some of the common symptoms to be watchful in children are: 

  • High-grade fever 
  • Convulsions 
  • Loose motions 
  • Abdominal pain or tenderness
  • Bluish discolouration of lips, palms or feet 
  • Difficulty/fast breathing 

Dr. Dhivya Shree, a paediatrician at Ayu Health Hospitals, says that children face an impact on their mental health for being barred from regular schooling, physical activities, and spending quality time with their friends. Less communication and being all alone most of the time is making children psychologically ill. This is mostly seen among the school-going children between 5 to 15 years and the adolescent group. Reduced physical activity in children increases the risk for childhood obesity since the time COVID-19 hit the world. 

Another doctor at Ayu Health Hospitals, Dr Vikram Bedi, paediatrician, and neonatologist tells us that there aren’t any long-term side effects of COVID-19 which are seen in children. A few of the side effects noticed after Covid are a little bit of malaise, lethargy, and weakness. All of these can be reduced by plenty of nutritious foods and adequate fluid intake. As of now, according to the data, there are not many long-term complications of Covid-19 in children. 

Effect COVID-19 on heart health 

Heart problems were seen among the patients who suffered from COVID-19 during the first wave. During the 2nd wave, lungs were the most affected organs where most people had low oxygen saturation levels. Dr. S.S. Ramesh, a senior cardiologist at Ayu Health Hospitals, says that myocardial infarction, heart attack, blood clots in the aorta were commonly seen heart problems in patients during the first wave of COVID-19 in India. 

So far, there aren’t any long-term effects of the virus reported on heart health. However, a certain impact might be seen in the patients who had a heart attack or damage to the heart muscle. It is essential to have a check on oxygen saturation and heart rate. One should seek immediate medical help if the heart rate persistently exceeds 100. 

Dr. Devendra Singh Bisht, a cardiologist at Ayu Health Hospitals, tells us that a broad spectrum of cardiac manifestations is reported in patients with COVID-19. Some of which are asymptomatic cardiac abnormalities that show up on an ECG, MRI or echo tests, myocardial injury (injury to the heart muscle), stress cardiomyopathy (weakening of the heart muscle), and cardiogenic shock (extremely lower blood pressure). 

COVID-19 – Its impact on psychological health 

Along with physical health, Coronavirus disease has led to many psychiatric conditions. Panic symptoms like fear, anxiety disorders, increased heartbeat, fearfulness, fear of death, shortness of breath (breathing difficulties), and obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) are most commonly seen in people. Some people think that COVID-19 isn’t but death. This fear makes them develop depression and anxiety disorders. The mortality rate of COVID-19 is relatively less when compared to the deaths resulting from major illnesses like heart attack, stroke, cancers, and severe medical problems. 

COVID-19 led to suicides in some cases, primarily due to continuous lockdowns, job loss, loved ones, etc. Work from home increased marital issues, especially among the women who have tremendous pressure in maintaining a work-life balance. One of the major causes of psychological stress is the overhype created by print and electronic media, especially while highlighting the increase in the Covid positive cases and throwing some less light on the recovery. 

It is crucial to address the panic symptoms at the earliest to avoid further health issues. We must closely observe and provide immediate medical help to the patient suffering from fearfulness, breathing difficulties, shivering of hands, sweating, or light-headedness/dizziness. 

Impact of Covid on neurological health 

It is important for healthcare professionals and the general public to understand the neurological symptoms presented in the case of COVID-19. Timely diagnosis and treatment can reduce the risk of further complications. Neurological symptoms, such as persistent headaches, drowsiness, altered mental status, slurred speech, weakness of limbs, acute muscular pain, should be immediately evaluated by a neurologist. Tests like CT and MRI scans, CSF analysis, and nerve conduction studies can help diagnose these conditions. In common headaches, numbness/tingling sensation, brain fog, anosmia (reduced/absent smell perception), dysgeusia (reduced/altered taste perception), and myalgias are the most common neurological manifestations observed in a patient with COVID-19. 

Dr Anil Sofat, a neurosurgeon at Ayu Health Hospitals tells us that neurological symptoms in patients with COVID-19 can happen due to many reasons. He mentions some of them as a hyper-immune response, invasion of the virus into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), production of auto-antibodies against nerve cells of the central or peripheral nervous system. Also, coagulation abnormalities due to the immune response, hypoxia in COVID causing decreased oxygen supply to the brain, and damage to the blood-brain barrier due to hyperimmune reaction were the neurological symptoms noticed in patients with Covid disease. 

Hair loss – A worrisome post-covid affect 

Hair loss is one of those commonly reported post-covid effects in people. This is because of the extreme shock and autoimmune responses that the body undergoes when suffering from Covid infection. Dr Gaurav Tiwari, a dento-facial aesthetic specialist at Ayu Health Hospitals, mentions that our regular hair cycle gets disturbed when our body is recovering from an illness. Our body initially tries to repair the major organs, such as the heart, kidneys, lungs, and liver. During this time, our hair goes into a long resting period called the telogen phase. This automatically results in a shorter growth phase or anagen phase. Simultaneously under such conditions, the catagen phase or the shedding phase accelerates and thus, people experience increased hair fall. Hair loss is usually reversed once the disease or illness subsides. 

In people who recovered from Covid, we commonly witness a problem called alopecia areata, an autoimmune disease. Here, the body reacts to its own hairs and reduces the hair size by assuming it to be a foreign body. We notice patchy hair loss in such cases, which is reversible with steroidal treatment. 

In conclusion, we understand that the impact of COVID-19 is not just when you are suffering from the infection. Most of the organs in the body witness specific changes that result in long-term symptoms. However, extensive research is still happening to understand the long-term effects of Covid on the human body.

If you have any more questions or reservations regarding the treatment, feel free to get in touch with specialists at Ayu Health Hospitals. You can call +91 – 6366 100 800 or head on over to our website to book an appointment. 

COVID Vaccine for Children 一 All Your Questions Answered

Vaccines work by training and preparing the body’s natural defences – the immune system – to recognize and fight off the viruses and bacteria they target. After vaccination, if the body is later exposed to those disease-causing germs, the body is immediately ready to destroy them, preventing illness

  • World Health Organisation (WHO) 

As of January 3rd 2022, children within the age bracket of 15-18, will be eligible to receive their COVID-19 vaccines in India 

Why should children get vaccinated? 

Many people assume that children’s symptoms of covid are milder and that they do not need to be vaccinated. However, there have been numerous reports of children becoming sick and getting hospitalized as a result of covid infection. They can also suffer from long-term health complications and spread it to others at home and school. Hence, by getting them vaccinated, you can slow the spread of the virus as well as avoid serious complications that come with the infection. 

Which vaccine is given to children in India? 

COVAXIN (BBV152), manufactured by Bharat Biotech International Limited (BBIL), is currently India’s only authorized vaccination for children. COVAXIN has also been recognized for its safety and efficiency by the World Health Organization. 

Is COVID vaccine safe for kids below 18

Bharat Biotech has conducted phase II/III open-label and multicenter studies in healthy children and adolescents aged 2 to 18 to assess the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of COVAXIN.

There were no major adverse effects recorded in the research. A total of 374 children had mild or moderate symptoms, with 78 reporting severe symptoms. As a result, it has been proven to be well-tolerated, immunogenic and safe for children below age 18.

How to book a covid vaccine for children between the ages of 15-18?

Children in this age group can register for immunization at a walk-in clinic from January 3, or they can also register on the Co-WIN app. Apart from Aadhaar and other national identity cards, children can register using their class 10th ID card.

Two shots of COVAXIN, 0.5 ml at a 28-day interval, the same dose given to adults is administered to children.

What are the side effects of COVAXIN in children? 

The side effects that children experience are generally the same as those that adults experience. It includes 一 

  • Pain at the injection site/upper arm
  • Mild fever and chills 
  • Achy muscles or joints
  • Headache

What to do after your child has been vaccinated? 

  • You will get a vaccination certificate to the registered mobile number that tells you the name of the COVID-19 vaccine received, when it was given, and where it was given. Keep this certificate safe in case you need it in the future.
  • You will be asked to remain at the location where the vaccination was given for at least 15 minutes, in case you have an unusual reaction and need medical assistance.
  • Mild symptoms are common, but if they experience severe symptoms like redness or soreness (pain) where they got the shot even after 24 hours, call your healthcare practitioner immediately.
  • And finally, make sure they get enough rest, stay hydrated and eat superfoods like green vegetables and fruits that’ll give them the energy they  require. 

For More Information and Updates 一

All You Need To Know About the New Covid-19 Variant (Omicron)

What Is Omicron and Where Did It Come From?  

A new COVID-19 variant was first identified in Botswana, South Africa in early November 2021. The cases were increasingly reported in schools and among young people in South Africa’s Gauteng province.

On the advice of scientists from the WHO’s Technical Advisory Group on SARS-CoV-2 Virus Evolution, the World Health Organization (WHO) identified the strain, known as B.1.1.529, as a variant of concern and named it Omicron on November 26. The current WHO list of potentially harmful variants now includes Delta, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Omicron. 

Only two weeks after the Omicron variant was discovered in Botswana, more than 38 countries have confirmed its presence (as of December 2nd, 2021) and this number is growing by the day. 

Omicron in India

The new variant in India was first reported in Delhi. According to health officials, the patient had just returned from Tanzania, Africa and showed mild symptoms such as sore throat, weakness and body ache.

Currently (as of December 6th), there are 21 reported cases of the Omicron virus in India. New cases are being reported in Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka. 

Is the New Variant lethal

The Omicron variant is classified as a variant of concern because it has dozens of mutations that can affect the way it behaves. This mutation profile necessitates more investigation into its potential consequences. It is unclear whether Omicron infection causes more severe symptoms than infections caused by other variants, such as Delta. So far, no deaths have been reported worldwide as a result of this new variant.

The very first cases of infection were among university students, who are younger and had milder symptoms. Nonetheless, all COVID-19 variants, including the globally widespread Delta variant, can cause severe sickness or death, especially in the most vulnerable persons. Hence, prevention is always the best option.

The most important thing people can do to stop the virus is take their vaccine series as soon as possible and continue to take all other known preventive measures. According to WHO, vaccines are still critical to reducing severe disease and death, including against the dominant circulating variant, Delta.

Symptoms of the Omicron Variant 

The Omicron variant’s symptoms may be milder than those caused by the globally dominant Delta variant, but it’s still too early to draw any conclusions, and further research is needed.

The patients in India who were reported having contracted the Omicron variant showed milder symptoms. Some of which included 一 

  • Dry Cough
  • Itchy throat
  • Fever
  • Night Sweats
  • Body Pains

It’s also worth noting that people who have already been vaccinated have a much better chance of reducing the severity of their symptoms than those who haven’t yet been immunised. But when it comes to those with pre-existing conditions, this may not always be the case.

How Is Omicron Detected? 

According to the World Health Organization, the S gene is not present in the Omicron variant. The S gene in SARS-CoV-2 encodes a surface protein known as the spike protein. This gene plays a crucial role in penetrating host cells and initiating infection. But as a result of multiple mutations that the Omicron variant has undergone, the S gene is absent in its structure. Hence, the Omicron test can be detected through genome sequencing and S-gene target failure tests. 

However, if you suspect you have the virus, it is critical to have an RT-PCR or rapid antigen test for early detection. And those who have tested positive for Covid (for any variant) must stay at home and self-isolate for 10 days. 

In conclusion, prevention is always better than cure. To avoid the spread of the Covid-19 virus and all its variants, make sure you follow the preventive measures that include  一 

  • Maintaining a physical distance of at least 1 metre from others
  • Wearing a well-fitted mask
  • Opening windows to improve ventilation
  • Avoiding poorly ventilated or crowded spaces
  • Keeping hands clean
  • Coughing or sneezing into a bent elbow or tissue
  • Getting vaccinated, if not yet vaccinated 

Relieving Milder Covid-19 Symptoms at Home 

If you or someone in your house has tested positive and is experiencing milder symptoms, you can use some simple home remedies to alleviate these symptoms.

  • Get plenty of rest 
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • A few tablespoons of honey is recommended as a quick remedy for coughs
  • Over-the-counter medicine to relieve high fevers and persistent coughs 
  • Breathing difficulty can be helped by lying on your side rather than on your back 

It is important to remember that older people and those with pre-existing medical issues should contact their doctor as soon as symptoms appear. 

If you want to talk to a doctor about your symptoms or learn more about any emergency indicators without having to leave the house, Ayu Health Hospitals is here to assist. We have enabled telemedicine for all doctors, allowing patients to video consult with doctors. Ayu Health Hospitals also enables medicine delivery and home collection of samples for lab tests. To book a consultation with a doctor, please visit https://ayu.health/bangalore/ or call us at 6366100800.

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Central Helpline email – ncov2019@gmail.com

5 Questions To Ask Before Choosing a Multispeciality Hospital

Let’s say you need to see a dermatologist for your acne, and your dermatologist refers you to an endocrinologist to get an evaluation of your hormone levels. Visiting different hospitals to get screened and run diagnostics will take a lot of time and energy out of you. And you will also have to spend money at each of these centres separately time and again. 

So what can you do to cut-down time, cost and energy? Visit a Multispecialty hospital. 

A multispecialty hospital treats patients who need treatment from various fields of medicine under one roof and also provides surgical and diagnostic services. Unlike general hospitals that only provide primary care treatments, a multispecialty hospital is staffed with an expert team of doctors and specialists. From urology to ophthalmology, a multispecialty hospital specializes in all. 

Now, the question is how will you know if it’s the best multispecialty hospital that has all the skills and technology to treat your condition? Here’s how 一 

Ask For Certifications And Accreditations

Certifications and accreditations will verify public acknowledgement of a healthcare organization’s achievement of accrediting requirements. In other words, an external review of the organization’s performance will be conducted to determine if the organization is up to par or not. If it meets all standards, certificates and accreditations are awarded to the hospital.

NABH accreditations will demonstrate the commitment of the hospital to provide quality care. It will also provide access to reliable and certified information on facilities, infrastructure and level of care.

Is the Hospital Integrated With Insurance Plans? 

Treatments and major surgeries can be very expensive. Choosing a hospital that accepts all major insurance plans, both public and private, as well as state and central government plans, is critical.

Contact your hospital and ensure they are well-integrated and support your insurance plan. Ayu Health Hospitals is one such hospital that accepts major insurance plans and, where possible, offers cashless services.

Are They Equipped With the Latest Tech To Offer the Best Treatment?

In multispecialty hospitals, it is uncommon to have to transfer a patient to another facility because they lack the necessary equipment to give proper care. In other words, to ensure that patients heal fast and with fewer potential relapses or recurrences, a multispecialty hospital should contain the most up-to-date technologies in each speciality.

Hence, you can expect the necessary screening and testing equipment, as well as qualified people for treating a variety of medical and physical ailments.

Do They Have a Team of Experts? 

In a multispecialty hospital, a team of experts will come together to help treat your condition as efficiently as possible. Your medical issue will be adequately addressed and doctors from many areas collaborate to diagnose and treat you without having to move you around. 

All members of the staff work together to ensure that you have all of your medical needs met as soon as possible, making it a one-stop destination for all of your health issues. 

Is the Hospital’s Infrastructure Reliable? 

Besides being equipped with the best doctors and all the latest technologies, a multispecialty hospital must also have amenities that ensure that the patients and even the family of the patient/caretakers have a comfortable and optimal experience. 

A multispecialty hospital must have spacious parking lots, ambulance facilities, 24/7 emergency rooms and pharmacies. 

Although you can find multispecialty hospitals around the country, several in each city, not all of them are up to the mark. The best hospitals in India have the patients and their families best interests in mind and will go to the greatest extent to ensure quality care. One such hospital is Ayu Health Hospitals. We provide the best treatment from specialized doctors at our multi-speciality hospitals in Bangalore and Chandigarh. You can call us at +91 – 6366 100 800 or visit us at Ayu.health to book an appointment. 

Coping with Cancer During the Covid Pandemic

Managing cancer is a big deal. More so, during covid times. Getting tests done, visiting the doctor, getting the required treatment be it radiation or chemotherapy, everything involves going to the hospital. 

The Covid pandemic has brought life to a standstill. One day, everyone was busily heading off to the office, meeting friends, attending events and then, suddenly everything just stopped. Our lives depended on us not stepping out. 

Covid-19 causes damage to the respiratory system. More importantly, it spreads very quickly from one person to another and can be life-threatening for people with low immunity. Usually, the treatment procedure for cancer lowers the immunity of a person. So, exposure to coronavirus is definitely riskier for patients with cancer. 

Tips to cope with Cancer

In this situation, what should one choose? Going to the hospital to get the treatment done or stay home and be safe. Well, this is a unique situation to be in. So, you will need to try and find unique solutions to the problem. Here are some tips that can help you answer this million-dollar question. 

  1. Covid vaccination

You can choose to get yourself vaccinated against the coronavirus. Though there is limited research on how the vaccine effects cancer patients, the danger of contacting the virus is far higher. It is seen that covid affects cancer patients more severely. So, speak to your doctor about taking the vaccination and if you are a good candidate to take the vaccination, please go ahead and take it at the earliest. 

  1. Doctor Visits

Having cancer involves frequent doctor visits. The doctor will want to see you assess your condition and suggest tests or analyze your test results and suggest the future course of action. 

During the pandemic, however, it is best for you to stay away from hospitals as much as you can. 

All most all doctors are now available online. You can share your test reports through email or other social media channels to avoid meeting in person. Once your doctor checks the reports, you can meet him/her on a video call or a telephonic call to understand what is to be done next. 

  1. Diagnostic tests and Imaging

This is an important part of treating cancer. If you are just starting out your treatment or you are already taking a course to tackle cancer, undergoing tests is important. Doctors suggest treatment options based on the tests. Tests also show how your body is reacting to the suggested treatment.

If the doctor has prescribed tests like blood work or urine tests etc, these can be done at your home. Book an appointment with a phlebotomist and he/she will visit your home to collect your sample. This is a far safer way to get your tests done as you will not be exposed to too many people. 

If the doctor has prescribed imaging tests that need you to go to a clinic or a hospital, you should try to book the first slot in the day. This means, no one else has used the equipment before you. Also, it is likely that if you are early, there are far lesser people in the hospital/clinic compared to rush hours which usually start from 10 AM. 

  1. Treatment options

Cancer involves different types of treatments based on the patient’s age, the kind of cancer and the stage it is in. If the cancer is still in the very early stages and treatment can be kept on hold for some time you can opt for this route. 

Sometimes, the treatment involves taking chemotherapy, which is mostly done by injecting the drug through your veins. In this case, you can ask your doctor if you can temporarily switch to oral medication. 

In cases where the drugs need to be given intravenously, you can check if you can have a nurse at home who can administer the drugs. 

Minimum exposure to people is what you should aim for.

So, discuss frankly with your doctor as to how you can minimize going to the hospital during these trying times. 

Even after taking all of these precautions, it is possible that you get exposed to the virus. In such cases, it is best to keep cancer treatment on hold or postpone it. The reason for this is that, in most cases, cancer treatment involves taking immunosuppressants. Suppressing the immunity system while the body is fighting the virus can turn out to be extremely dangerous. 

All in all, you just need to remember two things:

  1. Stay away from crowds and stay at home as much a possible. 
  2. Discuss how your treatment can be made remote so that you avoid contact with people

In these unusual times, Ayu Health Hospitals has supported patients through and through to get them the best that healthcare can offer. From vaccinations to online consultations with well-experienced doctors to maintaining the highest levels of sanitization, everything is being done. 

Some of the best-known oncologists are associated with Ayu Health Hospitals. Go ahead and book a consultation with them, call 063661 00800 or visit http://www.ayu.health.

Image source : World photo created by master1305 – www.freepik.com

COVID-19- Preparing for a Paediatrician Visit

Whether we like it or not, the COVID-19 pandemic is here to stay, at least for a few more months. Visiting a paediatrician either for your baby’s vaccinations or because your child is unwell is definitely daunting task in this scenario. 

Here are a few things you can do to keep yourself and your baby safe from the virus while visiting the doctor. 

  1. Choose the right paediatrician

Make sure you visit a paediatrician who practices in a clinic or hospital which is frequently sanitized. It is also good to choose a doctor who only sees patients on a pre-booked appointment basis. This ensures that there are not many people around when you visit the clinic/hospital. 

  1. Book the very first appointment of the day

It’s a good idea to be the first patient which means that no one expect the doctor has been in that space for at least 7-8 hours. This greatly reduces the risk of exposure to the virus from a previous patient. 

  1. Wear mask, gloves 

Enough and more has been written and said about this. But this is something that can’t be skipped. Wearing and making your baby wear a good quality mask which covers the nose and mouth goes a long way to keep out the virus. Wearing disposable gloves adds another layer of security from exposure. 

  1. Sanitize!

Carry a sanitizer with you, even better, keep it hooked to your bag and use it often. Every time you touch a surface or come in contact with anything that might be contaminated, sanitize yourself and your baby. Be sure not to touch your face, eyes, nose or mouth.

  1. Make sure your baby is wearing a diaper or uses the washroom before the visit

Try to avoid visiting the washroom at the paediatrician’s clinic or hospital. Making your child use the washroom at home before the visit or keeping the child in a diaper is a safer option. 

  1. Bring your own sheet 

You might have to make your baby lie down or sit for the doctor to check him/her. Carrying a sheet with you and spreading it on the bed/chair before the doctor examines the child will keep your child safe. It would be even better if you can carry a disposable sheet and discard it immediately after the visit. This way, there is no chance for any sort of contact with the virus. 

  1. Pay using your phone

Most of the hospitals and clinics accept online or wallet-based payments. This is the best way to pay. Paying with cash which might involve exchange of notes can lead to exposure to the virus. There are chances of exposure even when you pay with a card. 

  1. Get an e-prescription

If your doctor can give you an e-prescription or online prescription, opt for it. This way, you don’t have to take any paper from the doctor. An online prescription can be accessible anytime and from any device. This can be easily used at the pharmacist to buy the medicines as well. 

We wish that your child is hale and hearty through these difficult times and doesn’t need to see a paediatrician. However, if your child really needs to meet a doctor, Ayu Health is the safest choice you can make. Ayu Health’s chain of hospitals maintain the highest levels of sanitization to ensure the safety of patients. The doctors as well as staff follow strict procedures to ensure zero exposure. 

With its cutting-edge technological offerings, Ayu Health also brings you easy online consultations with pre-booked appointments and online prescription access in case you need a follow up with the paediatrician after the visit. 

Choose Ayu Health and you choose a safe doctor consultation for your child. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/expect-covid-vaccine-to-be-available-by-year-end/articleshow/77118247.cms