Asthma can develop at any age and sometimes tends to become a big part of a person’s daily life. Although it is a condition commonly known to many, asthma is often misunderstood. One prevalent misunderstanding is that everyone with this condition is unable to exercise. If you’re someone who believes this, you need to read this article right now! 

Despite the fact that nearly 37 million Indians are asthmatics, the lack of awareness among the general public makes them stigmatized. As a measure to rectify this, we highly recommend everyone, even those who do not have asthma, need to understand How asthma is diagnosed, its causes, and its treatment. 

What is asthma? 

Asthma also referred to as bronchial asthma, is a chronic (persistent) lung condition meaning it cannot be completely cured and will require ongoing medical care.

Asthma attacks are not constant but are triggered. During an asthma attack, the airways narrow and swell, and extra mucus may be produced. This can make breathing difficult, resulting in coughing, wheezing on exhalation, and shortness of breath.

Symptoms of asthma 

Asthmatics frequently have visible symptoms that may overlap those seen in a variety of respiratory infections. It includes: 

  • Chest pain/pressure
  • Coughing 
  • Wheezing 
  • Shortness of breath 

Although asthma cannot be cured, its symptoms can be managed. However, these symptoms can change over time. Hence, it’s critical to keep track of the signs and symptoms with your doctor and adjust the treatment as needed.

What causes Asthma? 

It is still a mystery how asthma is caused in some and not in others. But some of the factors that put you at a higher risk of developing this condition are as follows. 

  • Allergies 
  • Exposure to pollutants and toxins 
  • Genetics 
  • Respiratory infections in infants 

What triggers asthma attacks? 

Asthma signs and symptoms flare up in certain situations, or due to certain substances. These are referred to as “triggers”. Triggers vary from person to person, hence knowing what triggers your attack can make it easier to avoid it. 

Some common triggers include: 

  • Dust mites
  • Polluted air like car exhausts or smoke
  • Exercise 
  • Pet dander 
  • Pests 
  • Strong chemical

Although these are some of the common triggers, not everyone shares the same trigger. 

How is asthma diagnosed and treated? 

If your healthcare provider suspects asthma based on your symptoms and medical history, they may suggest spirometry. 

This test analyses the flow of air through your lungs and is used to diagnose and track your treatment progress. A chest X-ray, blood test, or skin test may also be requested by your doctor to confirm diagnoses.

The main aim of asthma treatments is to reduce and control the symptoms. The medication includes anti-inflammatory medicines and therapies like inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, theophylline, etc. You can either breathe in the medicines using asthma inhalers like nebulizers or take them orally. 

If you are looking for asthma treatments in India, reach out to Ayu Health Hospitals. Equipped with the best technologies and quality care by specialized doctors, Ayu Health Hospitals can help you manage your condition with a thorough investigation and treatment plan. Call us at +91 – 6366 100 800 for a consultation or book an appointment online, today! 

About the Author

Dr goel
Dr. S. Goel
MBBS PGDCM FID MBAHHM at Ayu Health | Website | + posts

Dr. S. Goel  is a renowned Internal Medicine Specialist currently practicing at Ayu Health Hospital, Bangalore.  He is a Specialist in Internal Medicine, Diabetes HTN, Paediatric Care, and Family Medicine.