COVID Vaccine for Children 一 All Your Questions Answered

Vaccines work by training and preparing the body’s natural defences – the immune system – to recognize and fight off the viruses and bacteria they target. After vaccination, if the body is later exposed to those disease-causing germs, the body is immediately ready to destroy them, preventing illness

  • World Health Organisation (WHO) 

As of January 3rd 2022, children within the age bracket of 15-18, will be eligible to receive their COVID-19 vaccines in India 

Why should children get vaccinated? 

Many people assume that children’s symptoms of covid are milder and that they do not need to be vaccinated. However, there have been numerous reports of children becoming sick and getting hospitalized as a result of covid infection. They can also suffer from long-term health complications and spread it to others at home and school. Hence, by getting them vaccinated, you can slow the spread of the virus as well as avoid serious complications that come with the infection. 

Which vaccine is given to children in India? 

COVAXIN (BBV152), manufactured by Bharat Biotech International Limited (BBIL), is currently India’s only authorized vaccination for children. COVAXIN has also been recognized for its safety and efficiency by the World Health Organization. 

Is COVID vaccine safe for kids below 18

Bharat Biotech has conducted phase II/III open-label and multicenter studies in healthy children and adolescents aged 2 to 18 to assess the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of COVAXIN.

There were no major adverse effects recorded in the research. A total of 374 children had mild or moderate symptoms, with 78 reporting severe symptoms. As a result, it has been proven to be well-tolerated, immunogenic and safe for children below age 18.

How to book a covid vaccine for children between the ages of 15-18?

Children in this age group can register for immunization at a walk-in clinic from January 3, or they can also register on the Co-WIN app. Apart from Aadhaar and other national identity cards, children can register using their class 10th ID card.

Two shots of COVAXIN, 0.5 ml at a 28-day interval, the same dose given to adults is administered to children.

What are the side effects of COVAXIN in children? 

The side effects that children experience are generally the same as those that adults experience. It includes 一 

  • Pain at the injection site/upper arm
  • Mild fever and chills 
  • Achy muscles or joints
  • Headache

What to do after your child has been vaccinated? 

  • You will get a vaccination certificate to the registered mobile number that tells you the name of the COVID-19 vaccine received, when it was given, and where it was given. Keep this certificate safe in case you need it in the future.
  • You will be asked to remain at the location where the vaccination was given for at least 15 minutes, in case you have an unusual reaction and need medical assistance.
  • Mild symptoms are common, but if they experience severe symptoms like redness or soreness (pain) where they got the shot even after 24 hours, call your healthcare practitioner immediately.
  • And finally, make sure they get enough rest, stay hydrated and eat superfoods like green vegetables and fruits that’ll give them the energy they  require. 

For More Information and Updates 一

What Is Laser Hair Removal? Is It Permanent?

There are a plethora of innovative methods to get things done in today’s world, hair removal included. Shaving, tweezing, threading, waxing, bleaching, etc. are some of the many ways to get rid of or reduce unwanted body hair. 

These options may sound appealing at first because of their quick and affordable procedures. But, they may not provide long-term benefits and may end up being more costly and time-consuming in the long run. Hence, Laser Hair Removal! 

Laser treatments for hair removal are used for both cosmetic and medical reasons. You may not want to make frequent waxing appointments, or you may have a medical problem such as folliculitis or hirsutism- it will help you either way.

Let’s understand how laser hair removal works to gain better knowledge of laser hair removal side effects, risks and benefits.

What is laser hair removal treatment and how does it work? 

Laser hair removal is a non-invasive procedure that targets the melanin in the hair follicle using focused light energy. The pigment (melanin) in the hair absorbs the light emitted by a laser. This damages the follicle, and its ability to develop is inhibited when light is absorbed.

Things to remember:

  1. During the procedure, no harm is done to the skin. 
  2. The best effects come from a series of sessions spaced out over several weeks.
  3. Laser hair removal can be done on the face, legs, abdomen, arms, underarms, back, chest, and bikini line, among other parts of the body. Although, the area around the eyes is off-limits. 

Why opt for laser hair removal treatment?

Compared to other methods of hair removal, laser hair removal treatment has several benefits. Here are a few laser hair removal treatment benefits that might help you reconsider shaving or waxing.

  1. It’s convenient: Compared to other hair removal methods, it is done faster. Furthermore, hair removal of the upper lip, underarms and/or legs will take no more than 15 minutes. 
  1. Reduces ingrown hair: Ingrown hair shows up when the hair has been broken off unevenly when shaving or waxing. But with a laser, this will not be a problem since you are targeting the root of the hair.
  1. Long-lasting results: Despite the fact that laser treatment is not permanent, with a few sessions, you can keep hair from growing back for a few months or even years. So you don’t have to make waxing/shaving appointments every other week. 
  1. It’s cost-effective: If you decide to switch to laser hair removal treatment you don’t have to worry about buying hair removal products every other month, like depilatory creams, razors, etc. 
  1. It’s precise: Laser hair removal is perfect for people who want to remove a few specific hairs. Unlike waxing, by targeting specific locations, the surrounding area will be left untouched.

Laser hair removal side effects and risks

The risks of laser hair removal are minimal, and you can have this treatment performed at any time of day. Listed below are some of the possible side effects you can expect. 

  • Redness and irritation 
  • Swelling around the hair follicles
  • Pigment alterations
  • Crusting 

*The majority of side effects are minimal and only last a short time. Anyone with  long-term side effects like burns or blisters should see a dermatologist immediately.

In conclusion, laser hair removal treatment is a cost-effective, time-efficient solution to get rid of unwanted hair. If you’d like to consult a specialist about your concerns regarding the procedure or the cost of laser hair removal treatment 一 Ayu Health Hospitals can help.  Call us at +91 – 6366 100 800 or visit our website to book an appointment

How To  Choose the Best Maternity Hospital for You and Your Baby

Motherhood brings both delight and a myriad of concerns and anxiety. During this momentous period, mothers should receive all the love and support they can get. The time of pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period should be handled carefully and responsibly. 

It is natural for a new mother to be concerned about her child’s health, but it is equally crucial for her to take the necessary steps to protect her own well-being throughout and after pregnancy. That is why it is important to select the best maternity hospital that will provide exceptional prenatal and postnatal care.

There are numerous maternal care facilities around the world, each claiming to be the best at what they do. But how do you know whether they are the best at what they do?

Don’t worry! We’ve put together a checklist for you to check off while you choose the right maternity hospital to provide you with the optimal care and service during this life-changing occasion. 

  1.  How close is it to your home? 

Before you start googling “which hospital is best for maternity care? ” make sure you narrow down a list of hospitals that are close to you. The closer the hospital is to your home, the more convenient it will be on birthing day. A hospital close to home is especially critical if your pregnancy is high-risk or if you’ve previously had premature deliveries.

  1. The quality of the medical staff 

A hospital is only as good as its staff. Certified OB/GYNs and delivery nurses are a must to ensure you have a safe delivery,  where everything is communicated with you clearly and you are not kept in the dark. If you have any relatives or friends who have given birth at the hospital, make sure to enquire about their experiences with the doctors and nurses.

  1. Prenatal and postnatal care 

Maternal care isn’t just about carefully delivering babies. It also includes care before, during and after delivery. Look for a centre that helps you and your family get prepared for all aspects of childbirth 一 from infant care to CPR. The best maternity hospitals will provide prenatal care that monitors your health closely till the time of delivery and postnatal care that includes immunization, maternal nutrition, etc. 

  1. Are they well equipped? 

Always check if the hospital has the accommodations and facilities needed to give you a comfortable and safe birthing experience. Some must-have facilities include 一 

  • NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)
  • Natural birth facility
  • C-section facility
  • Epidural and Anaesthesia Facility

In addition to rooms and facilities, technology is also extremely crucial. It is critical that the hospital has updated technology that can help with various delivery methods.

  1. Get a hospital tour 

No matter how good a hospital website looks or how specialized they claim to be, it is a must to have a look for yourself. While on tour, you can assess the cleanliness maintained, meet the staff and get answers to any important questions you might have.

If you are looking for the best maternity hospital in Bangalore or Chandigarh, be on the lookout for Ayu Health Hospitals in your city. Apart from having the best doctors who come with years of experience, these hospitals have all the facilities you’ll need during your pregnancy and delivery. For more information, visit our website or call us on 6366100800. 

Better yet, stop by one of our locations and our customer service representatives will walk you through the process and answer any questions you might have. You can ask about maternity health insurance or the qualifications of our obstetricians. We’d be delighted to help! 

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: A Treatment for Sinus Headaches

Have you ever had a perfectly good day ruined due to a stuffy nose and a bad headache that affected your entire face, including your cheekbones, forehead and nose?

You might be experiencing a sinus headache. 

These headaches can be triggered by the most minute things like dust clouds brought up by speeding vehicles or by the overpowering odour of your coworker’s new cologne/perfume. 

So, how can you prevent this from happening over and over again? There are several treatment methods you can follow to help reduce these headaches. But, before we talk about treatments for sinus headaches, let’s understand what causes these headaches and who is at a higher risk of this condition?

How Do Sinus Headaches Develop? 

Sinuses are a collection of empty spaces beneath your cheekbones, forehead, and nose. The mucus produced by these sinuses traps dust, pollutants and bacteria present in the air we breathe in. 

In the scenario where an infection develops (sinusitis) in these sinuses, it causes inflammation or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses, and you experience pain and pressure. This is how you get what is known as a ‘Sinus headache’. The causes of these sinus infections that lead to headaches are many and can happen to anyone. Some of these  include 一 

  • Allergies – Pollen, dust mites, and pet dander are allergens that trigger the nose and sinuses to overreact. As a result, headaches, nasal stuffiness, sneezing, and itching occur.
  • Common cold – The common cold, caused by a range of viruses, offers a perfect breeding ground for infections to develop in the sinuses. As a result, you develop throbbing headaches and thick mucus discharge.

*It is important to note that a common cold will not lead to a sinus headache by itself. The headache only arises when the sinuses get infected. So make sure you drain out and irrigate your sinuses when you have a common cold. 

  • Nasal polyps – They are soft, painless, non-cancerous growths on the lining of your nasal passages or sinuses. This growth often causes breathing problems and infections in the sinuses, which may lead to symptoms of headaches and facial pain. 
  • Deviated septum – When the wall that separates your nasal passages (septum) leans to one side, it is referred to as a deviated septum. This deviation causes a nasal blockage, which results in symptoms like headaches, nosebleeds and facial pain. 

How Are Sinus Headaches Diagnosed?

Your healthcare advisor will start by asking a series of questions to develop a detailed medical history and find out about the symptoms of your sinus headache.  A physical examination is done and if the symptoms described are severe and ongoing, imaging and MRI scans will be recommended to check for any serious underlying conditions. X Rays, CT scans and nasal endoscopy are also employed to check for sinus blockage. 

Treatment for Sinus Headache 

In most cases, sinus headaches are treated with over-the-counter medications. Antibiotics are commonly used to treat sinusitis, which is a common cause of sinus headaches. Nasal sprays or painkillers may be recommended if the headache is caused by inflammation or allergies. In rare cases, endoscopic sinus surgery is recommended to relieve the symptoms.

What is Endoscopic Sinus Surgery? 

Endoscopic sinus surgery is often recommended for patients who have chronic sinus problems and have failed to respond to medications. The surgery is done to clear blockages in the sinuses. Headaches, nasal discharge, repeated infections, poor breathing, loss of smell and all other symptoms are relieved through this surgery. 

The procedure does not require cutting into the skin but might take several hours to complete. Surgical instruments alongside an endoscope are inserted into the nasal cavity to observe and examine the sinus cavities. This helps the doctor to remove small bits of bone or other material that is obstructing the sinus passages, as well as mucous membrane growths like polyps. Lasers may also be used to burn away tissue that is blocking the sinus entrance. 

The procedure can be done under general or local anaesthesia, with sedation provided by an anesthesiologist, so you won’t experience any pain or discomfort. You will be advised to fast for the entire night if general anaesthesia is administered. Your healthcare team will go over everything you need to do to ensure a successful surgery. 

If you are suffering from severe headaches due to sinus infections or know someone who does, it’s advisable to get a consultation from an ENT specialist immediately. Book an appointment at Ayu Health Hospitals 一 Bangalore’s and Chandigarh’s most trusted network of high-quality hospitals. You can call us at +91 – 6366 100 800 or visit our website to find out more about our minimally invasive procedures employed to treat sinus headaches. 

Yes! You Can Manage PCOD With a Simple Diet Plan. Here’s how

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a disorder of the reproductive system that is seldom talked about and considered taboo in India. This is primarily due to the lack of knowledge about its symptoms and causes. 

Knowing very little about PCOD will almost certainly delay an early diagnosis, which is critical for receiving essential treatments. In this blog, we’ll understand the signs and symptoms of PCOD, as well as how you can manage its symptoms by adding and avoiding specific food items.

What is PCOD?

PCOD occurs when the ovaries release a large number of immature or partially developed eggs which turn into cysts over time. As a result, the ovaries grow large and secrete a lot of male hormones (androgens). PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is the term used to refer to the complications that arise due to the higher levels of androgen, which disrupt egg development and ovulation.

Symptoms of PCOD

The most prevalent signs and symptoms of PCOD or PCOS are as follows:

  • Irregular menstrual cycles 
  • Hair loss 
  • Excessive hair growth over parts of face and body 
  • Weight gain
  • Infertility 
  • Skipped/absent menstruation

*PCOS is a more serious condition that requires treatment based on the situation and symptoms present, whereas PCOD is a milder condition that can be managed by diet and exercise.

Treatment for PCOD 

PCOD treatment typically focuses on solving specific symptoms, such as irregular periods, obesity, infertility, acne, hirsutism (excessive hair growth), etc.

Weight loss, nutrition, and exercise are usually the first steps in treatment. Losing even 5 to 10% of your body weight will help you get your menstrual cycle under control. One of the most recommended solutions to control the symptoms of PCOD is following a balanced diet. It reduces the chances of developing chronic diseases associated with PCOD like obesity, diabetes, endometrial cancer, etc.  

PCOD Diet 

The best diet plan will help you manage your weight and lower the risks of any long term diseases. Below mentioned are a few do’s and don’ts to help you plan a perfect diet routine. 

Must-Have foods

  • High Fiber Vegetables: 

Broccoli, sweet potato and cauliflower are some of the examples of high fibre vegetables. These foods will help you manage your blood sugar levels. 

  • Pulses:

Chana dal, soybeans and chickpeas are some pulses you can consume. Pulses are low glycemic foods and thus prevent your blood sugar level from rising. 

  • Whole grain: 

Brown rice, oats and barley are some examples of whole-grain food products that you can consume. Since they are rich in fibre and contain lots of carbs, they take a longer time to digest, thus helping to maintain your blood sugar levels. 

  • Lean proteins:

They have less saturated fat and dietary cholesterol but are rich in protein. Some examples of lean proteins include egg whites, shrimp, tofu and curd. These proteins are important because they’re involved in the production of hormones including testosterone, estrogen, and insulin. 

  • Spices and herbs: 

Tulsi, basil, cinnamon, etc. helps regulate insulin levels which is very crucial for women with PCOD. So adding flavour to your food by adding these antioxidant spices helps your body fight off several symptoms of PCOD. 

Foods That Can Be Avoided 

  • Vegetable oils: 

It is important to avoid vegetable oil and choose healthier alternatives like coconut oil, ghee, olive oil because vegetable oils are heavily processed and their high omega-6 fatty acid ratio can be inflammatory for women with PCOD.

  • Sugary food:

Foods that are loaded with sugar like Kulfi, Gulab Jamun, Halwa etc. must be avoided at all costs. Besides being loaded with sugar, they are also high-calorie items that can have a very negative impact on women with PCOD.

  • Fried/processed food:

Fried and/or processed foods like french fries, samosas, white pasta, etc. are stripped of their original nutrient content and are high in saturated and hydrogenated fats; all of which are unhealthy and even more so for women with PCOD.

  • Alcohol:

Mixed drinks, sweet wine, beer etc. are known to hinder our bodies sugar and insulin levels. This can be quite harmful to women suffering from PCOD. 

Having said that, a healthy diet and daily exercise can only help manage symptoms of PCOD. If these symptoms persist even after making necessary lifestyle changes it’s important that you talk to your gynaecologist to understand the cause and try other alternatives. 

If you’re seeking a specialized gynaecologist to discuss different treatment options and choose the ones ideal for you, please visit our website or contact +91 – 6366 100 800 to schedule an appointment. Ayu Health Hospitals in Bangalore and Chandigarh provide the best doctors, technology, and care.

5 Effective Ways To Manage Arthritis During Winter

It’s the most wonderful time of the year! It’s winter! A season filled with holiday joy and decorations. But, just like how every rainbow has its share of rain, winter has its share of unpleasantness.

Cold temperatures, dry air, and chapped lips are all part of the package. Many people experience health problems as a result of being exposed to cold weather, and those who already have health problems suffer significantly more. Arthritis is one such condition that gets worse as the cold sets in. 

What is Arthritis? 

Arthritis is a condition where one or more joints swell and become tender. If you are suffering from this condition, you should know that it gets worse during winters.  Some common symptoms of arthritis include pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints. These symptoms tend to worsen and become harder to relive when the cold sets in. 

The muscle spasms increase during cold temperature which causes more pain and stiffness in the joints. The circulation is also reduced which adds to the pain. So how can you cope with arthritis during winter and prevent it from getting worse? Keep reading to find out.

Tips to reduce arthritis pain during winter 

  1. Layer Up 

It’s common sense to cover up during winter, but make sure you add extra layers to the joints that are causing you pain. Wear gloves, thigh-high socks, scarfs, and hats to make sure your body stays covered up and doesn’t lose any heat. 

  1. Exercise 

Exercise doesn’t necessarily mean high-intensity training. Even simple stretches and warm-ups can help relieve stiffness. It also helps improve blood flow and lubricates the joints. So don’t let the cozy covers trick you into staying in bed and try to get in as much physical activity as possible. 

  1. Stay Hydrated 

Drinking plenty of water even during the winter is important. The dry air in the winter necessitates more hydration and humidity inside the body. The easiest way to alleviate arthritis pain due to the cold is by drinking 8 glasses of water every day.

  1. Get Some Sun 

Vitamin D levels diminish due to a lack of sunlight during winter. Vitamin D deficiency can influence how sensitive you are to arthritic pain. It also increases the risk of osteoporosis. So go for a walk outside; if you are unable to do so, consult your doctor about supplements you can take to help with the pain.

  1. Drink Tea 

Or soup! Warm liquids of any kind will be advantageous. Try avoiding sugary drinks as much as possible and stick to drinks that have anti-inflammatory properties. This includes coffee, milk, red wine, green tea etc. 

Don’t let sore joints ruin your holiday season. You can effectively relieve stiffness and swelling in your joints by following these easy methods. Furthermore, if home remedies and advised therapies don’t work and the pain persists, don’t be hesitant to seek medical help. 

Consult the most experienced orthopaedic doctors in Bangalore and Chandigarh at Ayu Health Hospitals 一 India’s most trusted network of high-quality hospitals. Call us at 6366100800 or visit our website to book an appointment. 

Is IVF Painful? Things To Know Before Choosing IVF Treatment

Infertility is rarely discussed in our society, and most couples are taken aback when confronted with the condition. It is an illness of the male or female reproductive system described by the inability to conceive after a period of 12 months or more of unprotected intercourse.

According to the World Health Organization, infertility affects 48 million couples and 186 million people worldwide. When problems of infertility are kept under wraps, the treatments and alternate options also go unnoticed. 

IVF is one of the treatments recommended for people experiencing infertility. In this blog, we’ll go over the most frequently asked questions regarding IVF and help you overcome any reservations you may have about the procedure.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization is a method of assisted reproduction where the sperm and the egg are allowed to fertilize outside the uterus. In other words, the gametes, sperm and egg, are combined outside of the body in a laboratory.

One or more fertilized embryos are transferred back into the woman’s uterus, where they may implant in the uterine lining and develop. 

What is the procedure for IVF? 

The general steps of an IVF procedure are as follows: 

  • A series of blood tests are run to assess your general health and determine the number of eggs in the ovary. 
  • A sample of semen is collected and stored in case of inability to provide a sample on the day of egg retrieval.
  • Hormonal injections are started from the 2nd day of the period and are given for approximately 9 days.
  • These injections stimulate the ovaries to release eggs, which are then retrieved using transvaginal ultrasound guidance under brief anaesthesia (15-20 minutes) without the need for any cuts.
  • The retrieved eggs are then fertilized with the sperm under lab conditions. The embryo is then implanted back into the uterus or frozen for later use.
  • This procedure is simple and painless. It is done under ultrasound guidance without anaesthesia. 
  • Daily injections are administered to aid the embryo’s growth. If you do not like injections, you can take progesterone orally or vaginally.
  • The egg is monitored frequently till the final egg maturation injection (HCG) is administered. 
  • After 14 days, a pregnancy test is recommended. All in all, the IVF treatment duration takes about four weeks: From your first dose of ovarian stimulant to the day you take a pregnancy test. 

Is IVF treatment painful?

IVF does not cause an extreme amount of pain, but some levels of discomfort are to be expected. Besides the unpleasantness of daily injections and ovary retrieval, the treatment is generally considered painless. 

If you are experiencing severe pain, it could signify a complication. But it’s important to note that complications in IVF are uncommon and can typically be carefully managed.

What is the IVF treatment success rate and how can you improve yours?

In young women, the average IVF success rate is around 40%. Women under the age of 35 have a higher chance of success than women over the age of 35.

Many factors beyond your control influence your chances of having a baby with IVF, such as how many eggs you produce in response to your drug protocol and whether your eggs and sperm turn into healthy embryos. But, new research suggests that getting in shape before starting IVF treatment can help you improve your chances. 

You can improve your chances of IVF Success by: 

  • Giving up smoking
  • Keeping track of your drinks
  • Limiting your caffeine intake
  • Managing stress
  • Maintaining healthy weight
  • Consuming a well-balanced diet (eating leafy green vegetables rich in folic acid)
  • Being physically active 

Age Limit for IVF treatment 

One of the most crucial elements in determining your chances of conceiving a baby through IVF is your age. This is because both women and men’s fertility declines as they get older. Furthermore, the likelihood of having a child with birth abnormalities increases with age. Hence, the sooner you decide to get the treatment the better. 

If you’d like to know more about IVF treatment and how much an IVF treatment would cost, Ayu Health Hospitals can help. At our IVF centres in Bangalore and Chandigarh, we have some of the best infertility specialists and embryologists to fulfil your dream of parenthood. Visit our website to book an appointment or call us at +91 – 6366 100 800 and we’ll get you the help you need! 

What Causes Varicose Veins & How To Get Rid of Them?

You probably might have a general idea of what varicose veins are and what they look like: those little purple veins that suddenly seem to appear on your legs. It’s usually seen in people who are tall and stand for prolonged durations. And if not evaluated and treated accordingly could lead to complications in the future. 

These are some basic information that is common to the general public. But you ought to know more than just that. With just limited knowledge, you could be susceptible to false information or even neglect your own condition, which might cause problems in the future. 

In this article, you’ll find everything you need to know about varicose veins: causes, symptoms, treatments and even preventive measures. So let’s start with the basics and understand what they are and how they develop. 

What Are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that could appear anywhere on the body but are most commonly seen on legs. You’re at a higher risk of getting varicose veins if you’re older, female, obese, don’t exercise, or have a family history of varicose veins. 

They can also be found on the face and arms in milder forms. These are known as spider veins or telangiectasia, and they appear like a red or blue spider web beneath the skin.

To truly understand varicose veins, let’s know how the veins in our body function 一 

Veins are thin-walled, soft tubes that carry blood back to the heart from the arms and legs. Because veins function against gravity, they include valves that allow blood to flow forward but not backward. Due to weakness of the vein wall and loss of valve function, varicose veins start to appear. These weakened veins continue to enlarge under gravity’s pressure, and over time, may become elongated, twisted, pouched, and thicker.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

The causes of varicose veins are a result of weakened venous systems. Weak veins occur under 3 major causes: Primary causes, Secondary causes and congenital causes. 

Varicose veins are a hereditary condition that affect numerous members of the same family. Hence, the primary causes of varicose veins are a result of a defect in the vein’s wall that is genetically inherited.

Trauma, deep vein thrombosis, pelvic masses such as pregnancy, uterine fibroids, and ovarian masses, or arteriovenous malformations such as Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome are all secondary causes of varicose veins.

Congenital varicose veins are caused by abnormalities in the vascular system’s natural development and are usually present from birth as part of a vascular abnormality in the limb. 

The following are some common risk factors that cause blood pressure to rise, leading veins to become stretched, swollen, and enlarged.

  • Pregnancy 
  • Ageing 
  • Standing for longer durations 
  • Obesity 
  • Menopause 
  • Heavy lifting
  • Oral contraceptive pills or hormone replacement

Although you can’t completely avoid some of these risk factors, there are certain measures you can take to delay the development and progress of varicose veins.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins 

The symptoms of varicose veins differ from person to person. However, the most commonly seen symptoms include – 

Mild Symptoms 

  • Colour changes on the skin
  • Sore legs 
  • Rash 
  • Itching 
  • Cramps 

Severe Symptoms 

  • Swelling and heaviness around the veins 
  • Bleeding 
  • Ulcers 

How are Varicose Veins diagnosed?

Varicose veins can be diagnosed through a simple physical examination. Your doctor will note down your symptoms, as well as your personal and family medical history. Then, they will examine your veins for bulging when you stand. 

An ultrasound of your veins may also be performed by your doctor. This will aid in the detection of abnormalities with blood flow and vein structure. They may also examine you for signs of more serious conditions such as blood clots, vein damage, or ulcers.

What Are the Treatments for Varicose Veins? 

Your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, or medical treatments depending on your symptoms. 

Lifestyle Changes 

To help ease symptoms or prevent varicose veins from worsening, your doctor may suggest making lifestyle changes. These may include:

  • Compression garments: Wearing compression garments like stockings or socks to help blood flow and prevent pooling.
  • Elevating legs: When sitting down, use a footstool to help blood flow in the right direction.  
  • Regularly exercising: Exercise improves blood circulation in your limbs. Walking and cycling are highly recommended. 
  • Avoiding salt: To help prevent varicose veins, your diet must have as little salt as possible. Sodium causes the body to retain water, which can lead to varicose veins.
  • Avoiding high heels: Wearing high heels for a longer period of time might limit blood flow in the legs and aggravate varicose veins. 

Medical Treatments 

If lifestyle changes don’t work, or if your varicose veins are causing you a lot of pain and discomfort, your doctor may recommend alternative medical procedures. These include – 

  • Endovenous ablation: This procedure uses heat from a laser to close varicose veins. Doctors employ this procedure to help ease symptoms such as pain, swelling, and irritation. It is safe, less invasive than surgery, and leaves virtually no scars.

To read more about laser treatments for varicose veins head over to our blog: Laser treatment for Varicose Veins

  • Sclerotherapy:  This is another procedure that also works by closing off the varicose veins. Here, your veins are injected with liquid or foam chemicals to seal them closed. This treatment is often used to treat small varicose veins, also known as spider veins.
  • Surgery: If varicose veins are large, they are removed surgically. Small cuts are made to remove smaller varicose veins near the skin’s surface and for larger, deeper veins, different tools are used to tie off and remove them in a procedure called vein ligation or stripping.

These procedures are usually done under general anaesthesia. In most cases, the patient can go home the same day, but if the procedure was performed on multiple areas of the body, they may need to stay one night in the hospital.

If you have varicose veins or know someone who might be affected by this condition, Reach out to Ayu Health Hospital Professionals to get a personal consultation. And if you are looking for a centre with excellent care and treatments for varicose veins, look no further! 

Ayu Health Hospitals offer all advanced Varicose treatment procedures and carry mandatory certifications from the government authorities. Our treatment centres have all the latest equipment to treat varicose veins and are accredited by NABH, India’s premier hospital accreditation body. Call us at +91 – 6366 100 800 or visit our website to book an appointment

Effective Family Planning Methods You Can Follow

World Health Organization (WHO) defines family planning as 一  

“The ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility”  

Why is family planning necessary? 

In 1952, family planning was implemented to help reduce the birth rate and keep the population at a level that matched the national economy. It is also an important aspect in eliminating poverty and improving women’s empowerment and gender equality.

It benefits individuals, families, communities and society as a whole. Some of the Family planning advantages include:

  1. Avoiding unplanned pregnancies
  2. Preventing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) 
  3. Reducing rates of infertility by addressing the STDs

Listed below are a few effective methods helpful for planning your future family without any complications.

Family Planning Methods 

Many contraceptive methods are available to help women, men, and couples plan their families and avoid unplanned pregnancies and/or STDs. 

Contraception comes in a variety of forms. Although no method is completely effective, some are significantly more reliable than others. Effectiveness is determined largely by how closely people follow instructions. It is easier to follow instructions for some techniques than for others.

The Barrier Methods:

Barrier birth control methods act as barriers between the man’s sperm and the woman’s egg. Barrier methods include either physical devices (male and female condoms) that prevent the sperm from reaching an egg or chemicals (spermicides) that kill or damage sperm in the vaginal canal.

Types: 

  1. Male condom 
  2. Female condom 
  3. Diaphragm/Cervical caps 
  4. Spermicide 
  5. Contraceptive sponge 

Male and female condoms also provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) while others do not. You can find spermicide, condoms, and sponges in most drugstores, but diaphragms/cervical caps require a doctor’s prescription.

Hormonal Contraceptives 

They prevent pregnancy by stopping the release of eggs from the ovaries during the ovulation period. Hormonal contraceptive methods include – 

  1. Oral contraceptive pills
  2. Injectables
  3. Implants
  4. Skin patches 
  5. Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs)

Hormonal methods contain either one or two female sex hormones (estrogen and progestin) that are similar to the hormones naturally produced by a woman’s body. All hormonal contraceptives usually have the same side effects and restrictions, which will be explained to you by your gynaecologist. 

Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC)

LARC doesn’t require you to do anything to prevent a pregnancy every day or every time you have sex. These include: 

  1. Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  2. Etonogestrel single-rod contraceptive implant

Before implanting LARCs, your doctor will need to review your overall health and fitness. A professionally qualified doctor or nurse must insert and remove all LARCs. This can be done at a Family Planning clinic, or by a gynaecologist.  

Permanent Contraception 

Permanent contraception, often known as sterilization, is a method of preventing future pregnancies. Reversing it is extremely difficult, if not impossible. These techniques are ideal for men, women, and couples who are positive they will never have children. A vasectomy or tubal ligation are two options for permanent contraception.

Family planning isn’t just about contraceptive measures to avoid pregnancies and STDs. It also includes 一 

  • The options you have with an unplanned pregnancy
  • The fertility of both male and female partner
  • Screening for good health in women, which includes breast and cervical cancer
  • Education, testing, and referral to related areas of medicine and counsel 

If you’d like to speak to a professional about the safest contraception option for you or get some advice for family planning 一 Ayu Health Hospitals can assist you. Consult the best gynaecologists in your area to know more about contraceptive measures and effective family planning. To book a consultation with a gynaecologist at Ayu Health Hospitals, please visit our website or call us at 6366100800 and we’ll be happy to help!

All You Need To Know About the New Covid-19 Variant (Omicron)

What Is Omicron and Where Did It Come From?  

A new COVID-19 variant was first identified in Botswana, South Africa in early November 2021. The cases were increasingly reported in schools and among young people in South Africa’s Gauteng province.

On the advice of scientists from the WHO’s Technical Advisory Group on SARS-CoV-2 Virus Evolution, the World Health Organization (WHO) identified the strain, known as B.1.1.529, as a variant of concern and named it Omicron on November 26. The current WHO list of potentially harmful variants now includes Delta, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Omicron. 

Only two weeks after the Omicron variant was discovered in Botswana, more than 38 countries have confirmed its presence (as of December 2nd, 2021) and this number is growing by the day. 

Omicron in India

The new variant in India was first reported in Delhi. According to health officials, the patient had just returned from Tanzania, Africa and showed mild symptoms such as sore throat, weakness and body ache.

Currently (as of December 6th), there are 21 reported cases of the Omicron virus in India. New cases are being reported in Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka. 

Is the New Variant lethal

The Omicron variant is classified as a variant of concern because it has dozens of mutations that can affect the way it behaves. This mutation profile necessitates more investigation into its potential consequences. It is unclear whether Omicron infection causes more severe symptoms than infections caused by other variants, such as Delta. So far, no deaths have been reported worldwide as a result of this new variant.

The very first cases of infection were among university students, who are younger and had milder symptoms. Nonetheless, all COVID-19 variants, including the globally widespread Delta variant, can cause severe sickness or death, especially in the most vulnerable persons. Hence, prevention is always the best option.

The most important thing people can do to stop the virus is take their vaccine series as soon as possible and continue to take all other known preventive measures. According to WHO, vaccines are still critical to reducing severe disease and death, including against the dominant circulating variant, Delta.

Symptoms of the Omicron Variant 

The Omicron variant’s symptoms may be milder than those caused by the globally dominant Delta variant, but it’s still too early to draw any conclusions, and further research is needed.

The patients in India who were reported having contracted the Omicron variant showed milder symptoms. Some of which included 一 

  • Dry Cough
  • Itchy throat
  • Fever
  • Night Sweats
  • Body Pains

It’s also worth noting that people who have already been vaccinated have a much better chance of reducing the severity of their symptoms than those who haven’t yet been immunised. But when it comes to those with pre-existing conditions, this may not always be the case.

How Is Omicron Detected? 

According to the World Health Organization, the S gene is not present in the Omicron variant. The S gene in SARS-CoV-2 encodes a surface protein known as the spike protein. This gene plays a crucial role in penetrating host cells and initiating infection. But as a result of multiple mutations that the Omicron variant has undergone, the S gene is absent in its structure. Hence, the Omicron test can be detected through genome sequencing and S-gene target failure tests. 

However, if you suspect you have the virus, it is critical to have an RT-PCR or rapid antigen test for early detection. And those who have tested positive for Covid (for any variant) must stay at home and self-isolate for 10 days. 

In conclusion, prevention is always better than cure. To avoid the spread of the Covid-19 virus and all its variants, make sure you follow the preventive measures that include  一 

  • Maintaining a physical distance of at least 1 metre from others
  • Wearing a well-fitted mask
  • Opening windows to improve ventilation
  • Avoiding poorly ventilated or crowded spaces
  • Keeping hands clean
  • Coughing or sneezing into a bent elbow or tissue
  • Getting vaccinated, if not yet vaccinated 

Relieving Milder Covid-19 Symptoms at Home 

If you or someone in your house has tested positive and is experiencing milder symptoms, you can use some simple home remedies to alleviate these symptoms.

  • Get plenty of rest 
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • A few tablespoons of honey is recommended as a quick remedy for coughs
  • Over-the-counter medicine to relieve high fevers and persistent coughs 
  • Breathing difficulty can be helped by lying on your side rather than on your back 

It is important to remember that older people and those with pre-existing medical issues should contact their doctor as soon as symptoms appear. 

If you want to talk to a doctor about your symptoms or learn more about any emergency indicators without having to leave the house, Ayu Health Hospitals is here to assist. We have enabled telemedicine for all doctors, allowing patients to video consult with doctors. Ayu Health Hospitals also enables medicine delivery and home collection of samples for lab tests. To book a consultation with a doctor, please visit https://www.ayu.health/ or call us at 6366100800.

For More Information and Updates 一 

Central Helpline email – ncov2019@gmail.com